Part 3

excerpted from the book


The Book That Drove Henry Kissinger Crazy

[international drug trafficking, money-laundering, and state power]

Executive Intelligence Review, 1992, paperback (original 1986)

Since the 1920s, British Dope, Inc. gangsters have struck from their Canadian base to seize effective governmental power throughout the islands of the Caribbean, the countries of Central America, and certain watering holes in Mexico. The casino hotels sprang up, the titled nobility took up residence, the banking shells proliferated. As the U.S. media enticed Americans to spend more and more "leisure" money in these offshore principalities of Meyer Lansky's syndicate, Dope, Inc. struck directly at the U.S. post-war economy, and the U.S. government's executive branch.

The turning point in Britain's opium war was the five years following World War II. The key operational capability implanted by Dope, Inc. in the U.S.A. at that turning point was the Special Operations Executive (SOE) of British secret intelligence.

The law enforcement official confronts today two major obstacles in going after the narcotics trade. The first is the extraordinary degree of "inside" protection enjoyed by Dope, Inc. within the national intelligence establishment.

[A] problem for the law enforcement investigator confronts him because of his habit of working his way up, from the street level to the large-scale suppliers and then toward the real financial and political power of the international narcotics cartel. He confronts what the intelligence trade calls "cutouts"-layers of operatives who are political camouflage for their masters-on a scale that becomes more dense and complex as he goes up. Only District Attorney Garrison, fresh on the trail of a presidential assassination, reached far enough up through the "cutout" layers to hit at the top. His efforts were rewarded by drawing out into public confrontation the layers of direct British intelligence control.

Should the law enforcement official, however-with aid of this report-start at the top, then the picture becomes quite simple.

The British financiers of Dope, Inc. employ three major layers of political camouflage to run the drug trade in North America. The first is a front for Jewish-surnamed criminal elements.

This cutout begins at the top with a cohesive grouping of "Hofjuden" (court Jews) who have served British monarchs and Venetian doges for generations. These families have a centuries-long unbroken tradition of attaching themselves to the predominant noble houses of Europe; the Venetians and Genoese, the nobility of Amsterdam, and then when the Dutch nobility was merged with the British in the so-called Glorious Revolution of 1688, the Hofjuden centered themselves around the British and have served it to this day.

The Bronfman family is best known to Americans through its ownership of Seagrams, the biggest liquor company in North America. The family's holdings stretch from whiskey, banking, mining, to real estate, and-although somewhat less publicized-narcotics. Today they are regarded as respectable and outstanding "philanthropists" whose name is attached to everything important in Canada-and Israel-be it government, business, or cultural affairs.

This was not always the public profile of the Bronfman family. Less than fifty years ago, they were known to be the biggest bootleggers in North America and were referred to by the less prestigious title "the Bronfman gang."

With Prohibition, crime became a big-time business. It was no longer based on small-scale prostitution, loan-sharking, or petty protection rackets. Now it was centralized around the marketing of one precious and outlawed commodity whose supply was controlled from London and from the British colony of Canada. Crime was reorganized from top to bottom into an integrated wholesale and retail distribution chain with well-defined marketing districts, quotas, and uniform pricing. Crime became syndicated.

... With Prohibition, Britain-through its Bronfman gang cutout-had created a nationally syndicated crime cancer. Within a decade of the Roaring Twenties, the Bronfman syndicate would be peddling heroin, cocaine, and every other available poisonous drug through the same wholesaling, transporting, and retailing system that bootlegged booze.

Bronfman's counterpart in the United States was one Arnold Rothstein. Just as Bronfman made it into the big-time under the auspices of the Hofjuden elite, so Arnie Rothstein was sponsored by Our Crowd Zionist investment bankers who arrived: in New York as the Montefiores were setting up business in Canada. Arnold Rothstein - the godfather of organized crime - was the son of a wealthy Our Crowd dry goods merchant.

... For the British, Prohibition was a roaring success. What had begun as a three-way contract between Britain (the supplier), Bronfman (the cutout), and Rothstein (the distributor) had become within the space of a decade a nationally organized crime syndicate, a private, secret army under British banking and syndicate, control.

... When Prohibition began in 1920 Arnold Rothstein had personally gone to Great Britain to establish the liquor pipeline with the British distilleries. At the same time he had dispatched his underling Jacob "Yasha" Katzenberg to Shanghai to begin negotiations for a dope pipeline from the Far East into the East Coast of the United States.

... Arnold Rothstein ... was a product of the Rothschild dry goods empire that included the Seligman, Wanamaker, and Gimbel families. During Prohibition, according to the Bronfmans' own testimony, Rothstein, Meyer Lansky, and Lucky Luciano were the Bronfmans' main distributors. As Prohibition came to a close, Bronfman associates traveled to Shanghai and Hong Kong to streamline and expand the drug trade into the United States, negotiating with the foremost Chinese drug runners who were not only encouraged but pressured by the British business community to pull together an opium cartel.

... With the repeal of Prohibition, the Bronfmans, like so many of their partners across the border, "went legit." Organized crime sunk its millions in legitimate businesses that both acted as cover for illegal activities and set up the laundry networks for dirty money. The new phase of respectability signaled that the most successful big-time whiskey bootleggers were switching to big-time narcotics.

In the early days, the Bronfmans had to run all the risks of the smuggler's profession. They had to dodge the law, stay one step ahead of the desperados on the other side of the border, and whenever things went wrong, face the humiliation of public exposure and scandal. As a result, the family acquired a considerable reputation.

Looking expectantly toward the fast increase in drug trade in America, the British could not afford to leave their leading cutout in such an exposed and precarious position. Nor could they simply dispose of the Bronfmans after Prohibition. The family had become irreplaceable due to its in-depth control over the syndicate. Yet, the Bronfmans would be a liability if they continued to work as openly with their distributors in narcotics-trafficking as they did running Prohibition.

The problem was resolved by bringing the Bronfmans into the lower rungs of the Hofjuden caste. Almost overnight the Rothschilds, Montefiores, de Hirsches, et al. took Mr. Sam [Bronfman], the crime czar of North America, and transformed him into a rising star of the Canadian Zionist movement.

... After World War II, Mr. Sam established the National Conference of Israeli and Jewish Rehabilitation, using his considerable smuggling skills to run guns to the Haganah.

Similar posts were awarded to the other Bronfmans. Allan Bronfman was named president of the Zionist Organization of Canada, a member of the board of trustees of the Federation of Jewish Philanthropists and of the national council of the Canadian Jewish Congress. Abe Bronfman was posted to the Joint Distribution Committee and also to the national council of the Canadian Jewish Congress.

Finally, in 1969 the Bronfmans were given the highest reward issued by Her Majesty. Sam was made a Knight of Grace of the Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem. His brother Allan and his son Charles were appointed to the highest rank, Knight of Justice of the order. These appointments are emphatically not ceremonial, but are only bestowed on those who have carried out the most dangerous and fruitful missions for the British Crown.

The Kennedys are clean because, beginning with Papa Joe, they were flea-dipped, scrubbed, and polished by the British to be the respectable front for organized crime. Whether or not a Kennedy crosses the British Crown in terms of policy-as Jack Kennedy did in l963-does not alter the fundamental content of the political machine that gives the Kennedy dynasty its power. The Kennedy machine is organized crime in government.

... The job of the Kennedy dynasty is to usher in British dope and the criminals who distribute it - through the front door.

As the end of Prohibition approached, [Joseph] Kennedy again turned to London, where Winston Churchill personally approved the grant given to him for the British distillers' franchise for the American market. Through Kennedy's Somerset Importers, Ltd. and Renfield Importers, Kennedy marketed Dewar's scotch, Gordon's gin, Ron Rico rum, and Haig and Haig.'°

But as Papa Joe made clear early in the game, he was not in it for the money. His goal was to build a political dynasty, and his wife produced nine children in succession to guarantee it. : Churchill's nod of approval and the cash flow accompanying it signaled that the British were ready to take advantage of Joe Kennedy's political ambitions.

... In 1933, Kennedy was appointed by President Franklin Roosevelt to head the new Securities and Exchange Commission. Kennedy's earlier association with the London banking circles had put him on the inside track to conduct a flurry of stock speculation on the eve of the 1929 stock market crash and walk away from it all with a pocket full of cash. When the SEC was created to regulate the market, Roosevelt returned Kennedy's favor of swinging the Boston Democratic machine behind the FDR candidacy at the 1932 nominating convention.

In 1936, FDR appointed Kennedy U.S. ambassador to Great Britain, a post Kennedy wanted more than life itself. As Joe's official biographer explained, "The old American aristocracy, with its Anglophilic leanings regarded the post as the nation's highest social office.

... Kennedy quickly attached himself to the most pro-Nazi British aristocrats centered around Lady Astor's Cliveden Set where Roundtable figures such as Lazard Brothers' Lord Robert Brand, the Marquess of Lothian, Fabian George Bernard Shaw, and the opium-trading Sassoon family congregated to dictate Britain's appeasement policy for the British Foreign Office.

... During his sojourn in Britain, [Joseph Kennedy] turned over his sons to the British Roundtable for a "proper" education. Joseph Kennedy, Jr. and John F. Kennedy were trained at the London School of Economics, an institution founded by the Fabian Society dedicated to training and recruiting foreign cadre as future British agents within government, business, media, and educational posts in their own countries. The Kennedy brothers were trained by Fabian Society Executive member Harold Laski.

At Harvard, on the Kennedys' return to the United States, further tutoring for son John was secured from Sir John Wheeler-Bennett, the founder and head of the research division of the Royal Institute of International Affairs.

When John F. Kennedy became President of the United States in 1960, it is reported that André Meyer of Lazard Brothers, Ltd. went around Europe introducing himself as "the real President." Whether the story is true or not, it is the case that the Court of St. James had at least temporarily seized control of the Oval Office.

So had organized crime. The Kennedy machine moved into the Justice Department, specifically Robert Kennedy's Organized Crime Strike Force. The Organized Crime Drive, as it was called, was a highly irregular unit, even according to its nominal chief, Ed Silberling. The section was in fact run by nonlawyer Walter Sheridan, a former FBI man who had worked as chief of the Counterintelligence Section, Special Operations Division, Office of Security, and the National Security Agency.

Almost simultaneously with Kennedy's inauguration, Harold Macmillan moved into 10 Downing Street. Macmillan was himself part of the extended Devonshire family into which Kennedy's sister Kathleen had married. His Canada.-based pulp and paper company, Macmillan Bloedel, as noted, was a component of the British Columbia drug-smuggling apparatus.

... During early 1963. Policy differences between the Kennedy and the Macmillan governments began to surface, as the U.S. President took a series of initiatives to launch the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and to buck the Bertrand Russell-McGeorge Bundy military policy of Mutual and Assured Destruction.

The diaries of Macmillan testify that Kennedy had to be intensely armtwisted at the famous Nassau summit in spring 1963 before he would agree to turn over the Polaris missile program to the British. That move precipitated French President Charles de Gaulle's vehement denunciation of the AngloAmerican violation of the Atlantic Charter, followed by France's withdrawal from the NATO military command.

During the spring and summer months of 1963, JFK began reversing previous policies. Plans were being prepared to devolve U.S. presence in Southeast Asia. Detente discussions were opened up with the Soviet Union; in the weeks prior to his assassination, Kennedy even sent a secret emissary to Havana o to open up talks with Fidel Castro. The Kennedys were showing signs of bucking the machine that had put them in power. The British had him killed ...

... When Robert Kennedy refused to back off from the track of his brother's assassins and began to prepare his own campaign for the presidency, he too was murdered on British orders.

Playing by the rules of the game is Ted Kennedy's insurance policy. That's what makes him the foremost proponent of dope decriminalization; that's what makes him today's frontrunner for organized crime; that's what makes him the collaborator of the assassins of his brothers.

According to an unpublished manuscript on the assassination of John F. Kennedy authored by "William Torbitt" (an apparent pseudonym), during the spring, summer, and autumn months of 1963, a series of top-secret conspiratorial meetings took place behind well-guarded closed doors at an exclusive resort spot at Montego Bay on the Caribbean island of Jamaica. The location for those meetings was the Tryall Compound, built at the close of World War II by Britain's highest-ranking secret espionage agent, Sir William Stephenson. Reportedly present at various times for the planning sessions were: Major Louis Mortimer Bloomfield, in 1963 still a top officer in Sir William Stephenson's British Special Operations Executive (SOE); Ferenc Nagy, a wartime cabinet minister in the pro-Hitler Horthy government of Hungary and later its Prime Minister; Georgio Mantello, a Rumanian-born Jew who had served as a trade minister under Mussolini; Colonel Clay Shaw, a former officer in the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS) who in 1963 was the director of the New Orleans International Trade Mart; Jean de Menil, a White Russian emigré who at that moment was the president of the Houston-based Schlumberger Company, a heavy equipment manufacturer frequently used as a covert conduit for weapons; Paul Raigorodsky, another White Russian active in the right-wing Solidarist movement. The purpose of the meetings, the manuscript alleged, was to plot the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

Whether or not the meetings took place as described in the manuscript, the authors of Dope, Inc. have been unable to confirm. But through interviews in the United States and Western Europe and through reviews of the evidence presented before the Warren Commission and before the grand jury proceedings and trial of Clay Shaw in New Orleans, the authors have established links between the named individuals and the Permindex trading company at the center of the Kennedy assassination plot.

Permindex was an obscure international trading exposition company, incorporated in Switzerland and housed in Montreal; Permindex is a contraction of "Permanent Industrial Expositions." Its president and chairman of the board from its inception in 1958 was Major Louis Mortimer Bloomfield. The individuals named as plotting at the Tryall Compound were, at the time, board members, officers, and investors in Permindex.

Each of these individuals was also a longstanding trusted asset of the British SOE. Unlike any other trade expositions company in the world, the employees and investors in Permindex had all been selected for specific operational capabilities that they represented; capabilities that would be indispensable to the conducting of high-level political assassinations.

As we delve into the Permindex international assassination bureau and discover the suppressed facts behind the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, we shall encounter three capabilities in particular already familiar to us as Dope, Inc.

First we shall encounter an international web of dirty money outfits, responsible for channeling millions of dollars in black market revenues into the hands of the professional killers deployed on behalf of Permindex and its SOE control. Not surprisingly, we shall discover that these dirty money channels are hard-wired into the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank-centered apparatus that launders the $400 billion in annual revenues from illegal drug sales.

Second, we shall discover an international band of protected killers, drawn from the ranks of the Nazi and Fascist gestapos of World War II - many now in the employ of the Soviet KGB - from the street-level crime syndicate responsible for the retail distribution of narcotics; and from a secret capability established by the Stephenson organization at the outset of World War II, operating under the cover of missionary activity in Latin America and the East bloc. Their missions? Political assassinations employing high-powered rifles at a distance of 1,000 yards.

Third, we shall encounter a British SOE fifth column embedded deeply into the American official intelligence community. This fifth column, linked directly to Permindex and its chairman Major Bloomfield, represents perhaps the single most crucial component of the international assassination bureau: its cover-up capability. Seventeen years after the assassination of John F. Kennedy, Permindex remains one of the best kept secrets in the world-despite the fact that it has been exposed on more than one occasion as the agency behind high-level political exterminations touching on top political officials of no fewer than three sovereign nations.

In 1967, the French Intelligence Bureau SDECE released the results of a five-year investigation into the 1962 aborted assassination attempt against General de Gaulle, carried out by the rabidly right-wing Secret Army Organization (OAS). While the SDECE report traced the origins of the assassination plot to the Brussels headquarters of NATO and to a specific group of disgruntled French and British generals, as well as the remnant of the old Nazi intelligence apparatus, it also singled out Major Bloomfield's Permindex trading company as the agency responsible for conduiting $200,000 into the OAS to bankroll the attempt. The source of the funds was FBI Division Five, the secret counterespionage branch of Hoover's agency that was run out of the Montreal law offices of Major Bloomfield.

As the result of the de Gaulle exposé of Permindex's role in the OAS hit squads, Permindex was forced to shut down its public operations in Western Europe and relocate its headquarters to Johannesburg, South Africa.

As a related feature of the de Gaulle crackdown, Israel's overseas intelligence branch, the Mossad, was temporarily kicked out of France.

BCI was the creation of Dr. Tibor Rosenbaum, a Hungarian-born Jew who migrated to Palestine under the sponsorship of the Jewish Agency.

... Following Israel's statehood, Tibor Rosenbaum was appointed the first minister of supply and finance for the foreign intelligence branch, the Mossad. In 1951, Rosenbaum was deployed to Geneva, ostensibly as the director of Israeli migration, holding full diplomatic papers. As there was no migration from Switzerland to Israel during this period, speculation that Rosenbaum was already involved in setting up funds-laundering operations on behalf of the Mossad is well-founded. According to a recently published book-length exposé of the Israeli mafia, by L'Express journalist Jacques Derogy,'° Rosenbaum traded his Israeli diplomatic papers for Liberian documents in the mid-1950s on the eve of his launching the Banque du Credit Internationale. Rosenbaum incorporated the BC! in 1958, the same year that his fellow "Liberian diplomat" Major Louis Mortimer Bloomfield established Permindex.

According to Derogy, Dr. Rosenbaum was designated as the "Swiss connection" in an international money-laundering apparatus created to facilitate the diamonds-for-dope trade that was to make up an increasingly large share of the foreign trade of Israel.

[Ernst Israel] Japhet's presence on the board of directors of the Banque du Credit International brings us full circle back to the London boardrooms of the Big Five commercial banks that command the international narcotics cartel top down.

Who is Ernest Israel Japhet, in addition to being a board member of the BCI, an entity servicing the black-market money needs of the Mossad, the Israeli mafia and the "wizard" of North American syndicate financing, Meyer Lansky? Japhet was, at the time, the chairman and president of the Bank Leumi, the largest bank in Israel-a bank that we have already identified as a critical component of the diamonds-for-dope traffic into Hong Kong. The current heir of a German banking family that traces its roots back centuries, Japhet sold the family's trading company to the Quaker Barclays Bank of London, which in turn placed him on the board of directors of its thus-created subsidiary Charterhouse-Japhet. Charterhouse-Japhet, like the Japhet Company before it, deals exclusively in the diamond trade between Israel and Hong Kong-trading those precious stones for the same Golden Triangle opium that launched the Japhet's family's career in international finance 150 years ago.

Bank Leumi keeps its hands in the drug trade through its 100 percent-owned subsidiary Union Bank. Ernest Israel Japhet is the chairman of Union Bank, which handles over one-third of the world's financing in diamonds.

Bank Leumi was not the only Israeli bank to interface its operations with the Geneva laundering-hole of Dr. Rosenbaum. Even more heavily involved in the BCI is the Bank Hapoalim. The second largest bank in Israel, Bank Hapoalim was founded as an offshoot of the Jewish Agency. Its founder and present board director, British High Commissioner Viscount Erwin Herbert Samuel, belongs to the same Samuel family behind Bank Leumi and the Cunard Lines. Viscount Samuel presides as head of the Israel Red Cross, an official branch of the Most Venerable Military and Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem-the same order held by Major Louis Mortimer Bloomfleld of Permindex.

According to the ... Derogy exposé of the Israeli mafia, Bank Hapoalim figured prominently in the same diamonds-for-dope apparatus. Illegal revenues from the diamonds-for-dope exchange run between Israel and the Golden Triangle banks of Thailand, would be initially deposited in an escrow account in London, for transfer to protected accounts in Johannesburg, South Africa. From South Africa, the same funds would be laundered through the Bank Hapoalim into Dr. Rosenbaum's BCI.

... Investors Overseas Service (lOS), until its demise in 1975, was indistinguishable from the Banque du Credit Internationale. Nominally an international mutual fund founded by Bernie Cornfeld, and eventually taken over by Robert Vesco, LOS in reality was a laundering service deploying an army of "salesmen" in every corner of the globe, often carrying phenomenal volumes of cash which the lOS directors claimed were the investment deposits of thousands of small investors. These investors for the most part remained anonymous. According to author Hank Messick, a significant number of the so-called small investors were local operatives of the Meyer Lansky-Israeli mafia apparatus."

The convergence of the drug syndicate and the intelligence services of Great Britain and Israel in the person of Dr. Tibor Rosenbaum ...

... Among its principal holdings, the Swiss-Israel Trade Bank owns one-third interest in the Paz conglomerate. Owned until the early 1950s by the Rothschild family, the Paz group of corporations maintains a virtual monopoly over the Israeli oil and petrochemical industry, including the vital shipping lines transporting oil and petrochemicals in and out of the Middle East.

... Sharing the Paz ownership with Dr. Rosenbaum's Swiss-Israel entity are Max Fisher, a Detroit, Michigan-based "businessman-philanthropist" ...

... The Swiss-Israel Trade Bank, the third owner of Paz, is a who's who of the combined British-Israeli Mossad apparatus, beginning with Dr. Tibor Rosenbaum. The manager of the Swiss-Israel Trade Bank ... was General Julius Klein.

... Sir William Stephenson's access to the intelligence facilities, of the Zionist movement in the United States and Canada was greatly facilitated by the fact that from 1922, he had employed Chaim Weizmann as his principal adviser on scientific and technical espionage activities. The fact that Stephenson's own mentor, Sir William Wiseman, was a leading figure in the Anglo-Zionist movement also provided the future SOE head with an inside track to the resources and talents of the Zionist networks.

... In the effort to create an Israeli intelligence apparatus married to the British SOE, Julius Klein would play a major role on behalf of Sir William Stephenson. From his position at the close of World War II as head of the U.S. Army Counterintelligence Corps responsible for Western Europe, Klein-by his own admission-illegally rerouted whole shiploads of medical supplies, trucks, construction equipment, etc. from earmarked destinations in Germany and Austria to the Haganah in Palestine. Throughout the early 1950s, Klein made frequent trip to Israel to aid in the training and structuring of the Moss Mossad.

According to the findings of the SDECE, $200,000 in black market revenues were channeled into the Banque du Credit Internationale accounts maintained by Permindex. Among the sources of those funds was the Bank Hapoalim, the Israeli banking institution owned by the Histadrut, for which Major Bloomfield was the chief Canadian fundraiser.

Those funds were passed onto the New Orleans station chief of the FBI's Division Five, Guy Bannister. From New Orleans, Bannister deployed one of his agents, Jerry Brooks Gatlin, directly to Paris with a suitcase full of cash for hand delivery to the OAS generals. '8 In 1966, at the very outset of the Garrison investigation into the assassination of President Kennedy, Gatun-who operated a Permindex-Division Five front called the Anti-Communist League of the Caribbean-died when he was thrown out of a sixth-floor window in a San Juan, Puerto Rico hotel. By this time, FBI Division Five spook Bannister had already died under equally mysterious circumstances.

... There was no coincidence to the fact that the Permindex funds for the 1962 aborted assassination attempt against Charles de Gaulle were laundered through a New Orleans-stationed agent of Division Five. By 1962, New Orleans had already assumed the role of field operations center for the assassination cabal headquartered offshore on the island retreat at Tryall.

The reason that New Orleans assumed a special role in the cabal is that it headquartered the major U.S. subsidiary of Permindex, the International Trade Mart, directed by Colonel Clay Shaw.

Within the overall organizational chart of Permindex, Colonel Shaw maintained two principal roles. Through his International Trade Mart, Shaw retained a secondary capability for washing large volumes of money on an international scale. But first and foremost, Shaw was responsible for "handling" the nest of agents deployed trough Permindex's various fronts to carry out the assassination of John F. Kennedy.

Today, there are over fifty "world trade marts" located in thirty countries around the world. Each of these world trade marts is made up of over 1,000 corporate subscribers.

Since 1968, all of the world trade marts have been hooked together through a massive computerized data bank. That data bank now functions through an intelligence-transmitting satellite system, one of the largest privately owned satellite systems in existence. The satellite-computer control point is maintained by the World Trade Center Association-the offspring of the very New Orleans World Trade Center that Clay Shaw assumed the directorship of at the close of World War H on behalf of the Stephenson SOE apparatus.

The computer-satellite system maintains a tracking of all international trade routes, carriers and rate scales; a virtual inventory and tracking map of every air-land-sea shipping medium and bulk cargo in the world.

Among the fifty-plus world trade marts hooked into the WTCA satellite-computer complex is the Hong Kong World Trade Center-a joint venture of the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank and Jardine Matheson. HKWTC is the single largest and highest-priced chunk of real estate in Hong Kong. Dope, Inc., through this Hong Kong center, thus maintains a transnational tracking system that is more sophisticated and technologically advanced than the capabilities at the disposal of any government attempting to combat its deadly traffic.

... In 1958, however, Permindex had not yet emerged as an international octopus of trading fronts hooked up through satellite-based computers, possessing the resources for global money-laundering at the push of a button on a computer console. Yet, as court records in New Orleans, Montreal, and Paris document, millions of dollars in "hit money" passed through 14 the Permindex organization to bankroll the most deadly assassination plots of the century.

We have already met the black market bankers, many of them linked to the financial, political, and intelligence establishment of the state of Israel, whose special role in the Permindex cabal involved the laundering of the "hit money" into the hands of FBI Division Five couriers for delivery to the designated assassin teams.

... the second major component of the Permindex assassination bureau [is] the network of protected killers whose actions have irreversibly shaped the course of history for the last two decades.

... In February of 1969 proceedings began in the New Orleans Parish Court in the case of The State of Louisiana v. Clay M. Shaw. New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison, flouting the findings of the Warren Commission, had gone before a grand jury and successfully petitioned for a murder conspiracy indictment against Permindex board member Clay Shaw.

It would take the mysterious deaths of seventeen key prosecution witnesses and the launching of a nationwide media witchhunt against the New Orleans DA to defeat Garrison's effort to get to the bottom of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas on November 22, 1963.

... According to evidence presented in the course of the Garrison inquiry into the Kennedy assassination, Clay Shaw, Georgio Mantello, and Ferenc Nagy, all of the board of directors of Permindex and its subsidiary Centro Mondiale Commerciale, were in place in New Orleans, Dallas, and Los Angeles on November 22, 1963, handling aspects of the assassination and coverup. That deployment had been set by Major Bloomfield...

... Who were the assassins deployed to carry out the "triangulated firing" on President Kennedy in Dallas on November 22? ... the assassins - seven expert riflemen in all - were part of a special team of the most expert killers in the world that had been put together in 1943 at the combined initiative of FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover and SOE Commander Sir William Stephenson. Members of that team would be implicated in the assassinations of Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. and Senator Robert F. Kennedy.

... Three of the principals in the Permindex assassination of John F. Kennedy were Eastern European and White Russian emigres. Each of these individuals, Jean DeMeml, Ferenc Nagy, and Paul Raigorodsky, was a leading figure in the Solidarist movement of fascists.

... The Solidarists were Eastern European and White Russian feudalists and fascists, predominantly former officials of the wartime "Quisling" governments of Eastern Europe and veterans of the Nazi eastern front intelligence apparatus.

By no later than 1943, as a part of the Yalta process accepted by FDR, both the Soviet and Anglo-American intelligence services had begun recruiting from the ranks of the most rabid Nazis for postwar intelligence work. (Anglo-Soviet cooperation in such projects actually reflected a longstanding deal struck between Churchill and members of the Soviet Cheka of Felix Dzherzhinsky during Lenin's lifetime.) Among those recruited were the Eastern European Solidarists who became an all-purpose asset of combined British and Soviet networks in the postwar period. Among the services rendered by these Eastern Nazis was the penetration of right-wing circles in the West.

... Among the leading components of the Solidarist movement was a highly professional espionage, sabotage and assassination network called Narodnyi Trudovoy Soyuz ("National Alliance of Solidarists"). Founded in the late 1920s out of the old Menshevik circles in Russia, NTS functioned as one of British secret intelligence's premier spy rings inside the Soviet Union. NTS was bankrolled by Royal Dutch Shell chairman Sir Henry Deterding and by Vickers Arms president Sir Basil Zaharoff.

In 1941, J. Edgar Hoover, in consultation with British SOE head Sir William Stephenson and Division Five recruiter Louis M. Bloomfield, arranged for his close friend Reverend Carl McIntyre to found the American Council of Christian Churches. McIntyre was already a contract agent of Hoover's FBI Division Five. The ACCC was to conceal an extensive espionage and intelligence unit to be deployed throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico and Latin America. The spies and saboteurs were to operate under the cover of Christian missionaries.

As part of the ACCC espionage net, Hoover, Stephenson, and Bloomfield created a secret assassination unit in 1943 under the direction of ACCC Minister Albert Osborne. It is not clear that McIntyre was ever let in on this sinister aspect of the ACCC by his "friend" Hoover. The unit consisted of twenty-five to thirty of the world's most skilled riflemen. It was housed in a missionary school for orphans in Puebla, Mexico. Up through at least 1969, the special "kill unit" remained intact under the personal supervision of J. Edgar Hoover, operating through his trusted agent of thirty years, Albert Osborne.

According to author "Torbitt," it was Osborne and a team of seven expert riflemen from the Puebla "kill unit" who carried out the assassination of John F. Kennedy in Dallas on November 22, 1963.

... According to testimony before both the Warren Commission and the Garrison grand jury, given by FBI operative Jack Martin, Lee Harvey Oswald was recruited into the FBI Division Five in 1956 by none other than David Ferrie. While nominally in the Marine Corps, Oswald received special training in covert espionage activities at the Naval Intelligence School on the Memphis Naval Base. One aspect of this training included special instruction in the Russian language, provided by an agent of the Solidarist movement operating in San Francisco under the cover of the Federation of Russian Charitable Organizations, a West Coast branch of the Tolstoy Foundation.

From 1956 until his untimely death in the basement of the Dallas Police headquarters in November 1963, Lee Harvey Oswald had been on a secret Division Five payroll, maintained through a secret account concealed in the budget of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, a unit within the Department of Justice.

During the six-month period leading up to his murder in Dallas, the real Lee Harvey Oswald had been operating out of New Orleans and Dallas under the immediate supervision of Division Five regional director Guy Bannister. In fact, the New Orleans headquarters of the pro-Castro Fair Play for Cuba Committee, a group that Oswald actively participated in during 1963, was located in the same Camp Street office building that housed Bannister. Unknown to Oswald, his "infiltration" into the pro-Castro grouping on behalf of Division Five had a far different purpose than he imagined; a purpose that would become clear only after he assumed the role of the "patsy" ...

... According to official incorporation papers on file in New York City and Berne, Switzerland, mob attorney Roy Marcus Cohn and Montreal crime boss Joseph Bonanno were both personal stockholders in Permindex through their ownership of the Lionel Corporation of Hillside, New Jersey.

Sir William Stephenson and a coterie of SOE spooks moved in on Montego Bay at the very close of World War II and built that spot up into a cross between paradise and Fort Knox. In the case of Acapulco, the guiding figure behind its postwar emergence as a watering hole for the super-rich and the super-secretive was former Mexican President Miguel Alemán, himself a central figure in the international narcotics and assassination cartel.

It was during Alemán's tenure as interior minister (1940-46) and President of Mexico (1946-52) that J. Edgar Hoover's Division Five was given carte blanche to set up shop in that country. Combined SOE-Division Five operations were set up all over Mexico and very few were shut down at the end of the war. Reverend Osborne's Christian boys school has already been identified as one such case in which a "hundred-year lease" was signed between Alemán and SOE-Division Five.

When President Aleman formally retired from politics in the 1950s, he built up a vast real estate empire in Mexico that today includes a string of resort hotels, among them one of the largest resort spots in Acapulco.

Not coincidentally, all of Alemán's hotel acquisitions are managed by the Canadian Pacific Corporation-the biggest covert importer of Golden Triangle narcotics into North America and a heavy investor in the Caribbean islands that house some of the most important black market money houses in the Dope, Inc. international portfolio.

Among Alemán's other major holdings is a lion's share of the stock in the fifth largest company in Mexico, Tavos de Acero de Mexico (TAMSA). The director of TAMSA, Bruno Pagliai, is the cousin of Princess Beatrice of Savoy, herself a resident of Mexico and a frequent guest at Alemán's own Acapulco jet set parties.

It is through two Alemán confidants that the Mexican end of Dope, Inc. begins to emerge more clearly. Alemán's personal banker and one of his most intimate friends is Max Schein, president of the Banco Mercantil de Mexico. Schein's bank is the correspondent bank to Bank Leumi, the Israeli banking giant that we have already encountered as a major laundering vehicle for the revenues of international dope traffic. Schein is the chairman of the Sociedad Technion de Mexico, the local branch of the Israel Technion Society-the Mossad's overseas scientific espionage front. Among the board members of the Technion International is Major Louis Mortimer Bloomfield of Permindex.

Extortion, blackmail, kidnapping, bribery; these were not the only weapons unleashed in the war against [New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison. By the time of the 1967 Garrison probe, over a dozen key witnesses had died under mysterious circumstances.

... More than two decades have passed since the assassination of John Kennedy in Dallas and at this very moment Permindex and the British command that ordered the cold coup by assassination remains one of the best-kept secrets in the world.

Forget about the pictures of Resorts International in loss( travel brochures or the advertisements in the Travel Section of the Sunday New York Times. Scarcely concealed among the palm trees, the swimming pools, and the all-night casinos and nightclubs is Major Bloomfield's Royal Commission of High Executioners - and billed dollars in dope. Barely hidden behind the Resorts International letterhead is the eminence grise of organized crime, Meyer Lansky.

Beginning no later than 1960, Lansky hatched a grand scheme to create a "Hong Kong West"' in the Caribbean: an offshore center that would bring together gambling, narcotics, dirty money, and Murder Inc. under one unregulated and highly respectable roof.

... Resorts International was financed largely with a transfer of funds from the Banque de Credit Internationale of Tibor Rosenbaum and Major Louis Mortimer Bloomfield, and the Investors Overseas Service of Bernie Cornfeld and the Rothschild family. An estimated $14 million in transferred monies traveling through Meyer Lansky's World Trade Bank and the Fiduciary Trust Company of Nassau, a wholly owned subsidiary of lOS, found their way into Resorts during its half-dozen formative years.

... From its investors' side then(sorts International is indistinguishable from the previously Geneva and Basel-headquartered Permindex-BCI-IOS--a nexus that we have shown to be founded on the revenues of Dope, Inc. Resorts International equals big-time drug-trafficking: cocaine and marijuana from the Caribbean and South America, LSD and hashish produced in factories in the Bahamas, Costa Rica, etc., with venture capital provided through 105. Resorts International's stationing on Paradise Island created the "Silver Triangle"-a dope route up through the Caribbean that the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration estimates to be the source of over $7 billion a year alone in narcotics passed through the southernmost tip of Florida.

As the guts of BCI moved to Paradise Island, so the Permindex ring moved to Intertel [Intelligence International]. No longer was the Special Operations Executive to house its secret assassination teams in trading companies, Christian missionary schools, and commercial executive airline services. Murder, Inc. was to become part of the respectable, Kennedy "liberal establishment," flaunting itself as a private intelligence army for hire.

... What is International Intelligence? A Who's Who listing of its board and senior staff reads like a printout of British intelligence, the Mafia and Mossad.

... Resorts International [is] financed through the Geneva-Base retail revenues of Dope, Inc. The manager of Paradise Island for its first half decade of operation (1968-73) was Eddie Cellini, the brother of Dino Cellini and another well-known lieutenant of Meyer Lansky... In 1972, Robert Vesco came a hair's breadth away from buying majority holdings in Resorts International for $60 million-a transaction that was heartily endorsed by the "supersleuths" at Intertel.

Vesco went on from lOS to become the financial kingpin of the post-1979 Latin American cocaine bonanza. It is no exaggeration to state that, on Meyer Lansky's death, Vesco emerged as the inheritor of the old wizard's Caribbean dope money empire. Vesco completed Lansky's "dream" in 1982, when, at the point that U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration began closing in on his Costa Rica safe haven, he moved to Havana as the personal guest and financial adviser of Fidel Castro, who had long since placed the resources of the DGI at the disposal of Dope, Inc.

If Resorts International is a glossy front for Meyer Lansky's retail end of the biggest business in the world, then what does that say for its wholly owned subsidiary Intertel? Is it conceivable that this collection of senior officials from the most prestigious and sophisticated intelligence services of the United States, Canada, and Britain could be oblivious to the fact that they are "riding shotgun" for one of the biggest channels of narcotics and hot money in the Western Hemisphere?

Intertel stands exposed as the successor to Major Bloomfield's Permindex, drawing on the same SOE-Division Five capabilities, the same "direct line" interface into the official intelligence branches of half the countries in the world, the same allegiance to the British oligarchy behind the $200 billion a year Dope, Inc. While the motives may vary case by case, it is sufficient to say that anyone on the inside of Intertel attempting to break from its service and spill the beans would have about the same chance for survival as a Royal Hong Kong police officer who decides to turn down his weekly bribery envelope.

With the consolidation of Resorts International, we once again swing full circle. From a Prohibition-era jumping-off point of syndicated organized crime in the United States-fostered by the same British families that had ordered the Shanghai Massacre to safeguard the rule of Dope, Inc. in China-we now find ourselves 50 years later confronted by a criminal infrastructure lobbying for the decriminalization of crime itself. The Kennedy Justice Department, Scotland Yard, and RCMP boys at Intertel sell their services as "experts in cleaning out undesirable criminal elements from your corporation."" Through this ruse they captured the Howard Hughes fortunes and are at present taking over "security services" for all the big Las Vegas casinos." They moved into New Jersey and imposed gambling, horse racing, and numbers as the three "growth industries"; they are now posing New Jersey as the model to be followed by Florida, Arizona, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and New York.

After World War II, one of the economic warfare specialists in Sir William Stephenson's SOE, a fellow named Ian Fleming, wrote a series of coded novels describing the efforts at world conquest of a "third force"-an ultramodern international crime syndicate housed in the resort islands of the Caribbean. The weapons of "third force" conquest were drugs, political assassinations, grand-scale blackmail, and economic war against the nations of the world. With Resorts International-Intertel, Fleming's "third force"-the British oligarchy's Dope, Inc.-put itself up for trade on the stock markets of the world.

Max Fisher was a "runner" for the Purple Gang during the early 1930s. His job was to carry cash receipts across the Canadian border to the Bronfman gang in advance payment for the next shipment of booze and drugs for the speakeasies of Detroit, Cleveland, and Buffalo. During this period, Fisher's activities brought him into contact with the Murder, Inc. syndicate headed by Meyer Lansky.

Meanwhile, on the East Coast, Julius Klein, as an underling of William Wiseman, the official head of British intelligence in the United States, was deployed to pull together a "dirty tricks unit" that would be ready for action on behalf of British interests in the Middle East as part of the "Great Game." Klein recruited the unit from the ranks of the Jewish War Veterans.'

British intelligence's Palestine operation dates officially back to the 1917 Balfour Declaration-the British oligarchy's statement of its determination to establish a "Jewish homeland" that would serve as an asset for British interests in the Middle East, especially against France. The project was run through the British Secret Intelligence Service, with the London Hofjuden families-particularly the Rothschilds-and the "Our Crowd" investment bank circles of lower Manhattan the immediate sponsors, as cutouts for the higher-ups of the British-centered black nobility(we have already met.)

Run out of the Manhattan offices of Kuhn, Loeb, Wiseman's "plumbers unit" continued work that had begun with Baron Edmond de Rothschild's founding of the Palestine Economics Commission in the 1920s. Under Rothschild funding, the commission established an intricate network of weapons-smuggling cells, money-laundering channels, and contraband shipping lines-utilizing criminal enterprises and respectable businesses interchangeably.

In the spring of 1975, Max Fisher was voted in as chairman of the board of United Brands. This placed him at the helm of a corporation whose records reveal the very beginnings of organized crime in the United States.

... United Fruit [was] rechartered recently as United Brands Company ...

Under the directorship of Max Fisher, United Brands' drug(trafficking appears to have flourished. According to 1978 estimates of the Drug Enforcement Administration, over 20% of the cocaine and marijuana smuggled into the United States enters aboard the ships and planes of United Brands.

Fisher's personal hand in this dope route (DEA official reports show that over $7 billion a year in heroin, cocaine, and marijuana is smuggled into the Florida Keys alone through this "Silver Triangle" channel) is further suggested by reports from several Midwest sources that his principal "contact man" into the Caribbean is Robert Vesco. Fisher's privately owned Marathon Oil Company, barging crude oil into the Midwest from ports of call in South America, is also suspected of joining United Brands in running the "Silver Triangle" drug traffic.

It is common knowledge in the United States and throughout the world that the power ruling the "banana republics" of Central America is and has been the United Fruit Company - United Brands. It is no exaggeration to say that every coup that has taken place in the region was backed by the fruit company, which ran the nations of Central America mercilessly as slave-labor plantations. In 1932, a coup in El Salvador-with United Fruit sponsorship-exterminated 300,000 peasants who had risen up in revolt against the conditions in which they were forced to live. 22 For forty years, the United Fruit Company stood behind the regime of Anastasio Somoza in Nicaragua. It is through the offices of United Fruit that Haganah gun-runner Yehuda Arazi came to be listed as an ambassador of the Nicaraguan government.

Once the state of Israel was established, the flow of weapons through Nicaragua into Palestine was reversed: A sizable part of the Israeli armaments industry (an estimated 60%) was pumped back into the Central American "banana dictatorships." Israeli weapons and military hardware sustained the Somoza regime when it came under attack and permitted Somoza to carry out his scorched earth policy against his own population. When Somoza's regime finally collapsed, it was a former United Brands employ , Francisco Urcuyo, who briefly stepped into the presidency. Israeli weapons to Somoza were funneled under the cover of the Israeli Maritime Fruit Company, through the services of Max Fisher's associate ... And when the United Brands mafia determined to dump the traditional dictators of the previous half-century, the same flow of Israeli and East Bloc originating arms began to flow into the Sandinistas and Moscow-backed narcoterrorist groups in Guatemala and El Salvador...

The cocaine and marijuana consumed in the United States is the blood product of hundreds of thousands in Central America who live under the rule of United Brands. Yet today, United Brands Chairman Max Fisher is acknowledged "kingmaker" of the Michigan Republican Party, and has served as president of the United Jewish Appeal, president of the Jewish Welfare Fund, honorary chairman of the American Jewish Committee; and was until 1978 the national fundraising chairman for the Republican Party. In 1979 the Jerusalem Post named him "Jew of the Year."

Emprise was one of the largest non-public, family-owned corporations in the world, a conglomerate with control or partial control over 450 separate companies. Its stated annual income as of the late 1970s was $350 million, from holdings in North American and British sports complexes, race tracks, and food consortia. It is probably the biggest quasi-legitimate cover for organized crime's money-laundering in the United States.

The Jacobs family's only concession to the numerous attempts by law enforcement agencies to shut them down was to change Emprise's name to Sportsystems in 1972.

Despite a record of criminal activity stretching back to World War I - and never interrupted - the Jacobs family remains one of the open, "legitimate" fronts for Dope. Inc. Not only is the Jacobs family protected, but it retains a group of veterans of the Kennedy administration's Organized Crime Strike Force as its legal department.

... The original Jacobs brothers, Louis, Marvin, and Charles, used the old smugglers' cover of "food concessions" for a chain of vaudeville theaters on the Canadian border crossing points at Buffalo and Cleveland.' The modus operandi is pretty much the one Mitchell Bronfman used during the early 1970s for smuggling heroin into the United States. Once established, the Jacobs machine became a leading distributor for Bronfman liquor as the United States went dry.

California State Representative [Assemblyman] Willie Brown, [was] a paid lobbyist for Resorts International.

The Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith proclaims itself( to be a non-profit corporation "designed to eliminate defamation of Jews and other religious and ethnic groups; to advance proper Understanding among all peoples; and to preserve and translate into greater effectiveness the principles of freedom, equality and democracy" (from the Bylaws of the ADL of B'nai B'rith, as amended by the National Commission, June 1982).

... The ADL is a public-relations front for that branch of American organized crime founded by Meyer Lansky during the early decades of this century, under the patronage an and sponsorship of leading Anglo-American financial interests.

It was no public relations gaffe when, in 1985, the ADL gave its Torch of Liberty award to gangster Morris Dalitz, a founder :of the notorious Purple Gang and longtime crime partner of the late mobster Meyer Lansky. The present leadership of the ADL is dominated by figures with longstanding ties to organized crime, particularly to the international drug money-laundering apparatus.

No discussion of the ADL's ties to organized crime and the drug apparatus would be complete without reference to Edgar Bronfman, ADL honorary vice chairman and chief of its New York Appeal.

Today touted as a leading international businessman, philanthropist, and the chairman of the prestigious World Jewish Congress, Bronfman has been unable to erase the taint left by the fact that his entire family fortune-Seagram's Corp., its majority share in E.I. du Pont de Nemours Co., etc.-derived from his father's Prohibition-era bootlegging activities. Known at the time as the "Bronfman Gang," the Canadian Bronfmans were the main illegal suppliers to America's crime syndicate known as "Murder, Inc." By no later than 1920, when Edgar's father Sam Bronfman and Arnold Rothstein agent Jacob Katzenberg were dispatched to Hong Kong to arrange opium supplies, the bootlegging routes were also utilized for the smuggling and retail distribution of illegal drugs.

Top officials of the ADL are suspected accessories in a number 1 of major international political assassinations, including the murders of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme and Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. While no evidence is known to exist linking the ADL to the actual executions, very strong evidence does exist in all three cases implicating top ADL officials in the preparation or the coverup of those crimes.

... If the assassination of Indira Gandhi was intended as a blow to improving U.S.-Indian relations to the benefit of the ADL's London sponsors and Soviet and Israeli friends, the assassination on Feb. 28, 1986 of Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme appears to have been similarly motivated by a common objective of certain circles in Moscow, London, and Washington: to cover up the biggest international weapons and drug trafficking scandal in history-a scandal that only began to surface with the Iran-Contra revelations in the United States and Western Europe and the more recent "Stasi-gate" in East Germany.

When Prime Minister Olof Palme ordered Swedish police to raid the offices of Karl Erik Schmits, a prominent international arms dealer, just months before his assassination, significant evidence began to turn up concerning American, British, Israeli, as well as Soviet bloc arms trafficking to Iran, Iraq, and the Nicaraguan Contras all in apparent collusion. Palme reportedly became deeply concerned when the full extent of Swedish socialist democratic involvement in the arms trafficking and profiteering was documented in records seized in the Schmits raids, and began to crack down on the flow of arms from Sweden to the Persian Gulf. At that point, the prime minister became an expendable adversary of the very intelligence services for whom he had worked throughout his political career.

The cover-up of the role of the People's Republic of China [PRC] in producing and trafficking drugs to the West is one of the biggest lies perpetrated by a U.S. government, in this case by successive American presidential administrations, over the last two decades. The success of this coverup far exceeds even that of the Warren Commission report on the assassination of John Kennedy.

... Not only did the P.R.C. never stop growing and trafficking in opium-and there is no evidence to suggest that Beijing did stop - but in the 1980s, the resurgence of the Golden Triangle drug flow to the West, surpassing the heyday of the Vietnam War, shows that Beijing is on a new drug offensive.

Corroborated reports indicate that today the P.R.C. is the world's largest opium producer. According to Hong Kong reports, the P.R.C. is producing 800 metric tons of opium per year. This is the same as the record-high 800 tons produced annually in the entire region during the height of the Vietnam War, when Chinese drug-trafficking was an open matter of Chinese war strategy. Before 1972, it was well known that the P.R.C. produced 65% of the world's opium. The Hong Kong-based Liberation Monthly reported in December 1989 that the P.R.C. provides 80% of the high-quality heroin selling on the international market.

... Contrary to the P.R.C.'s own propaganda, drug-trafficking is not the business of independent criminals, but a prime earner of foreign exchange and directed by a state monopoly controlled by some of the top dogs of the communist hierarchy.

The China dope is smuggled out into the world labeled either as "Burmese," "Pakistani," or "Afghan." As the Dec. 19, 1985, French journal Vendredi, Samedi, Dimanche noted in an article, the P.R.C. drug trade "does not work in a clandestine way. One of the centers of this Chinese connection is the extreme-western part of China near Pakistan, Afghanistan, and the Soviet Union. The reporter arrived in a city called Kashi where the ethnic minority called the Uygurs are controlling the drug traffic toward Pakistan." The city is reportedly filled with Pakistanis.

... P.R.C. interest in drug-trafficking did not end with the end of the Vietnam War, the end of the Cultural Revolution, or the death of madman Mao Zedong, but continues to be the policy of China's "reformist" leadership under Kissinger crony Deng Xiaoping.

The lid was clamped down on the Chinese communists' role in global drug-trafficking by Henry Kissinger. Although it was widely known and of course admitted by Beijing's leaders that the P.R.C. had produced and trafficked dope to American G.I.s in Vietnam, by the end of the Nixon administration, Kissinger had squelched all mention of the P.R.C. as a drug source, in the interests of his new "China card" policy for a Washington-Beijing rapprochement.

... the United States entered into its geopolitical alliance with the P.R.C. with the full knowledge that Beijing-produced and -trafficked drugs were being funneled into the veins of American youth, with the profits going to Beijing.

After 1949, the communists outlawed all drug consumption, I a policy which, like all others, was ruthlessly enforced. Simultaneously, Beijing expanded opium production nationally and brought it under strict state monopoly control.

As Joseph Douglass reports in his book Red Cocaine, "Their targets were Japan, the United States military forces in the Far East, neighboring countries throughout the Far East, and the U.S. mainland. The primary organizations involved in the early 1950s were the Chinese Foreign Ministry, the Trade Ministry, the Intelligence Service. North Korea was also producing and trafficking narcotics in cooperation with China at this time and was directly connected with the flow of drugs into Japan and into the U.S. military bases in the Far East.

"China's narcotics operations... have been described by several Chinese officials who later left China and were granted political asylum in other countries. One such official who left in the late 1950s described a secret meeting of state officials in 1952 when the Chinese operation was reorganized and a 20-year plan adopted. At this meeting, decisions were made to standardize grades of narcotics, establish promotion regulations, set pricing schedules that would encourage aggressive marketing, dispatch sales representatives, expand research and production, and reorganize management responsibility."

As Douglass reports, "In 1957, at the third meeting of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, attention was focused on the economy. The decision was taken at that meeting to expand drug production as one solution for their economic problems. The collective farms were to be expanded by 100 percent, and similarly, research and production laboratories were to be expanded. To further ease the problems, instructions were sent out to have emigrants invest in business in China and support China's policy and interests, including the marketing of drugs and narcotics. Primary targets were Mexico, the United States and Canada."

"The organization behind the Chinese narcotics operations was extensive and involved many ministries and agencies from the national down to the local levels. These organizations oversaw the reclamation of lands for production (Ministry of Forestry and Reclamation), the cultivation and research to produce better varieties of poppies (Ministry of Agriculture), development of opiates (Committee for the Review of Austerity), management of storage and preparation for export (Ministry of Commerce), management of external trade organizations (Ministry of Foreign Trade), statistical control and programming (Central Government Production Board), finance (Ministry of Finance), marketing through special representatives and political intrigue (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), and security and covert operations (Ministry of Public Security).

"Another important overseer of opium production has been the Tobacco Monopoly Bureau of the State Council. Prior to World War I, much of Chinese opium was produced under the direction of British tobacco interests, of which British American Tobacco was the most important. This is the apparent basis for the later role of the P.R.C. Tobacco Bureau in the trade. Interestingly, George Bush's White House counsel C. Boyden Gray, is the heir to the R.J. Reynolds tobacco fortune, which is based on that firm's partnership with British American Tobacco in that same period.

"The trafficking tradecraft," Douglass relates, "included classical smuggling, transport by shipping companies (both knowingly and unknowingly), use of communists and ethnic Chinese abroad, collaboration with international organized-crime syndicates, use of foreign posts of mainland parent organizations, abuse of diplomatic privilege, use of normal branded merchandise as a cover, transport by mail, and forgery, or packaging with misleading trademarks.

"Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, probably the most important official who exercised day-to-day control over China's narcotics operations was Chou En-lai" - Kissinger's grand partner in forging the China card policy. During a meeting in Wuhan in 1958 convened to discuss the expansion of opium production, Chou En-lai is quoted by Taiwan specialists as saying:

"The Center has decided to promote poppy cultivation on a large scale .... Everyone of you must awake to the fact that the war in Vietnam is likely to escalate and U.S. imperialism has determined to fight against our revolutionary camp by increasing its military force in Vietnam .... From the revolutionary point of view, the poppy is great force to assist the course of our revolution and should be used; from the class point of view, the poppy can also become a powerful weapon to win the proletarian revolution... By exporting large quantities of morphine and heroin, we are able to weaken the U.S. combat force and to defeat it without even fighting at all."


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