The Geopolitics behind the Rwandan
Genocide: Paul Kagame accused of War Crimes
by Michel Chossudovsky
Paul Kagame accused by French Court
A French judge has issued arrest warrants
for nine close aides of Rwandan President Paul Kagame, in relation
to the shooting down of the plane carrying Rwanda's former president
Jouvenal Habyarimana in 1994. .
French judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere has
accused Kagame of ordering the shooting down of the plane, which
contributed to triggering the 1994 ethnic massacres and genocide.
__The court case in France should serve to clarifying the role
of the RPF. __Major General Kagame, who led the RPF insurrection,
was supported by the US and Britain. __The official version of
the Rwandan Genocide is that it was triggered by ethnic conflict
in the context of what was characterised as a "civil war".
__Below are selected excerpts of my May 2000 article entitled
Installing a US Protectorate in Central Africa, which documents
Paul Kagame's role in the shooting down of the plane and the events
which led up to the Genocide.
According to the testimony of Paul Mugabe,
a former member of the RPF High Command Unit, Major General Paul
Kagame had personally ordered the shooting down of President Habyarimana's
plane with a view to taking control of the country. He was fully
aware that the assassination of Habyarimana would unleash "a
genocide" against Tutsi civilians. RPA forces had been fully
deployed in Kigali at the time the ethnic massacres took place
and did not act to prevent it from happening:
The decision of Paul Kagame to shoot Pres.
Habyarimana's aircraft was the catalyst of an unprecedented drama
in Rwandan history, and Major-General Paul Kagame took that decision
with all awareness. Kagame's ambition caused the extermination
of all of our families: Tutsis, Hutus and Twas. We all lost. Kagame's
take-over took away the lives of a large number of Tutsis and
caused the unnecessary exodus of millions of Hutus, many of whom
were innocent under the hands of the genocide ringleaders. Some
naive Rwandans proclaimed Kagame as their savior, but time has
demonstrated that it was he who caused our suffering and misfortunes
Can Kagame explain to the Rwandan people why he sent Claude Dusaidi
and Charles Muligande to New York and Washington to stop the UN
military intervention which was supposed to be sent and protect
the Rwandan people from the genocide? The reason behind avoiding
that military intervention was to allow the RPF leadership the
takeover of the Kigali Government and to show the world that they
- the RPF - were the ones who stopped the genocide. We will all
remember that the genocide occurred during three months, even
though Kagame has said that he was capable of stopping it the
first week after the aircraft crash. Can Major-General Paul Kagame
explain why he asked to MINUAR to leave Rwandan soil within hours
while the UN was examining the possibility of increasing its troops
in Rwanda in order to stop the genocide?44
Paul Mugabe's testimony regarding the
shooting down of Habyarimana's plane ordered by Kagame is corroborated
by intelligence documents and information presented to the French
parliamentary inquiry. Major General Paul Kagame was an instrument
of Washington. The loss of African lives did not matter. The civil
war in Rwanda and the ethnic massacres were an integral part of
US foreign policy, carefully staged in accordance with precise
strategic and economic objectives.
Despite the good diplomatic relations
between Paris and Washington and the apparent unity of the Western
military alliance, it was an undeclared war between France and
America. By supporting the build up of Ugandan and Rwandan forces
and by directly intervening in the Congolese civil war, Washington
also bears a direct responsibility for the ethnic massacres committed
in the Eastern Congo including several hundred thousand people
who died in refugee camps.
US policy-makers were fully aware that
a catastrophe was imminent. In fact four months before the genocide,
the CIA had warned the US State Department in a confidential brief
that the Arusha Accords would fail and "that if hostilities
resumed, then upward of half a million people would die".
45 This information was withheld from the United Nations: "it
was not until the genocide was over that information was passed
to Maj.-Gen. Dallaire [who was in charge of UN forces in Rwanda]."
Washington's objective was to displace
France, discredit the French government (which had supported the
Habyarimana regime) and install an Anglo-American protectorate
in Rwanda under Major General Paul Kagame. Washington deliberately
did nothing to prevent the ethnic massacres.
When a UN force was put forth, Major General
Paul Kagame sought to delay its implementation stating that he
would only accept a peacekeeping force once the RPA was in control
of Kigali. Kagame "feared [that] the proposed United Nations
force of more than 5,000 troops [might] intervene to deprive them
[the RPA] of victory".47 Meanwhile the Security Council after
deliberation and a report from Secretary General Boutros Boutros
Ghali decided to postpone its intervention.
The 1994 Rwandan "genocide"
served strictly strategic and geopolitical objectives. The ethnic
massacres were a stumbling blow to France's credibility which
enabled the US to establish a neocolonial foothold in Central
Africa. From a distinctly Franco-Belgian colonial setting, the
Rwandan capital Kigali has become --under the expatriate Tutsi
led RPF government-- distinctly Anglo-American. English has become
the dominant language in government and the private sector. Many
private businesses owned by Hutus were taken over in 1994 by returning
Tutsi expatriates. The latter had been exiled in Anglophone Africa,
the US and Britain.
The Rwandan Patriotic Army (RPA) functions
in English and Kinyarwanda, the University previously linked to
France and Belgium functions in English. While English had become
an official language alongside French and Kinyarwanda, French
political and cultural influence will eventually be erased. Washington
has become the new colonial master of a francophone country.
Several other francophone countries in
Sub-Saharan Africa have entered into military cooperation agreements
with the US. These countries are slated by Washington to follow
suit on the pattern set in Rwanda. Meanwhile in francophone West
Africa, the US dollar is rapidly displacing the CFA Franc -- which
is linked in a currency board arrangement to the French Treasury.