Haitian People Forced to Pay Ten
Years Back Pay to the Brutal Military
by Marguerite Laurent
Global Research, January 6, 2004
Debt Breeds Dependency Equals Foreign
& Corporate Domination by Marguerite Laurent
Why is war-torn Iraq giving $190,000 to
Toys R Us? For the same reason the Haitian people are being forced
to pay the bloody Haitian military ten years back pay. It's what
Naomi Klein calls "the upside-down morality." (See Naomi
Klein's "Why is war-torn Iraq giving $190,000 to Toys R
Us? Iraqis are still being forced to pay for crimes committed
by Saddam" by Naomi Klein, Saturday October 16, 2004, The
If justice, and not power, prevailed in
international affairs then the Coup d'etat corporatocracy in Haiti,
that is, the governments (U.S/France/Canada), international banks
and rich multinational corporations and their Haitian minions,
who funded the overthrow of Haiti's elected government, would
be paying reparations to the people of Haiti who lost and continue
to lose loved ones, property, and limbs. Reparations would also
be paid to the millions of Haitians overseas whose decades of
investment, almost one billion dollars per year, to Haiti, was
lost because of the U.S.-supported 2004 Coup d'etat.
But power and not justice prevails in
this world. That's why the poor and dispossessed people of Iraq
are paying reparations to the richest corporations and governments
in the world and the poor and dispossessed in Haiti will now have
to foot ten years back-pay to the bloody Haitian military, the
terrorists, who worked on behalf of the world's rich corporatocracy
to overthrow Haiti's popularly elected and Constitutional government.
In his book, Confessions of an Economic
Hit Man, John Perkins writes:
"Economic hit men (EHMs) are highly
paid professionals who cheat countries around the globe out of
trillions of dollars. They funnel money from the World Bank, the
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and other foreign
"aid" organizations into the coffers of huge corporations
and the pockets of a few wealthy families who control the planet's
natural resources. Their tools include fraudulent financial reports,
rigged elections, payoffs, extortion, sex, and murder. They play
a game as old as empire, but one that has taken on new and terrifying
dimensions during this time of globalization. I should know; I
was an EHM."
In Haiti, we know their tool is also kidnapping.
Kidnapping of President Aristide just as they tried and failed
with President Hugo Chavez of Venezuela earlier.
At the beginning of his book, Perkins
".Jaime Roldòs, president
of Ecuador, and Omar Torrijos, president of Panama. Both died
in fiery crashes. Their deaths were not accidental. They were
assassinated because they opposed that fraternity of corporate,
government, and banking heads whose goal is global empire. We
EHMs (Economic Hit Men) failed to bring Roldòs and Torrijos
around, and the other type of hit men, the CIA-sanctioned jackals
who were always right behind us, stepped in."
We know in Haiti, that when all the years
of U.S. humanitarian and financial embargo, funding of the non-democratic
opposition, U.S-sponsored asylums, refuge, visas and rebel training
of ex-Haitian soldiers who then attempted and failed three time
before the successful 2004 Coup d'etat, when all that failed,
under the pretext of "safeguarding the U.S. Embassy,"
President Bush sent U.S. Marines who escorted Haiti's constitutionally
elected President Aristide out of Port-au-Prince and, the terrorist,
Guy Philippe into Port-au-Prince.
Today, Guy Philippe and his Haitian army
are being rewarded ten years back pay for services rendered to
the U.S./Euros and their commercial interests. Meanwhile the populace
is under dictatorship once more.
What most mainstream journalists reporting
on this reward payment to the terrorists who overthrew Haiti's
duly elected government usually fail to point out is that it is
U.S. Ambassador Foley's plan that the Latorture regime are executing
Latorture and his illegal and imported
replacement government are U.S. assets. Nothing they do is separate
and apart from U.S. bidings. Mainstream journalist currently reporting
on Latorture's "bad decision-making" fail to point out
that Latorture has no power separate and apart from U.S. power.
If there are "bad-decisions"
going on in Haiti today, Latorture doesn't have the power to make
them. His bosses are responsible. Latorture is no more than a
U.S. puppet. That's a key fact. When the corporate mainstream
media ignore this essential fact, their reporting are simply media
spins that result in making Haitians, Africans, look stupid and
as foolish incompetents.
The salient point is that if there are
"bad-decision" going on with the U.S.-installed puppet
government in Haiti, it is a Bush "bad-desicion."
Still, the real question long time Haiti
observers would ask is: why exactly is it a "bad-decision"
for U.S. Ambassador Foley to reward his own CIA-assets and operatives
with ten years back-pay? Whatever the fallout is these diplomatic
and economic hit men will manage it as usual: with a wink and
a conspiratorial nod to their terrorist assets, they shall publicly
encourage the corporate media to place blame on the more visible
Haitian stooges, while continuing to mostly touts the insecurity
in Haiti on "pro-Aristide gangs." Having a racist world
reference to eternally tap into, not many will question these
pronouncements and the blame placed on the Haitian people's "historical
intransigence" and "inability to work together"
or capability to find "national reconciliation." That
game is an old dog that still hunts well for empire and white
supremacists. It doesn't take a rocket scientist to understand
the deviousness of U.S. policy in Haiti. Only unwillingness.
For, as long as the mainstream media continues,
now that the human rights abuses in Haiti under the Latorture
regime may no longer be dismissed, denied or coverered-up, as
long as the corporate media continues to denounce only Latorture's
"bad decisions" - code meaning incompetents incapable
of self-rule - then the truth in Haiti shall remain obfuscated.
No doubt it is not in the interest of
the corporatocracy and their mainstream media to highlight the
connections. Point out that Guy Philippe, the renegade ex-Haitian
soldier who led the overthrow, was trained by U.S. Special forces.
That he and his bloody cohorts, Louis-Jodel Chamblain and Jean
Pierre Baptiste, both members of the bloody FRAPH paramilitary
group that carried out the massacres in support of the first U.S.-supported
Coup d'Etat in 1991 are all U.S. assets.
It doesn't fit well into racists doctrines
and La La lands mythology for the corporate media to point out
that it is U.S. Ambassador to Haiti and Jesse Helms' protégé,
Roger Noreiga, and their radical neocon Bush comrades who are
the chief architects of not only the current uses of the former
Haitian military, but their current reconstitution into the national
Since the ex-Haitian soldiers crossed
into Haiti, from the Dominican Republic border, unimpeded by either
the Dominican army nor the 900 U.S. soldiers who were at the Dominican
border, since these terrorist entered Haiti to take over Haitian
towns and overthrow the elected government of Haiti, they have
been carrying out targeted political assassinations of Lavalas
supporters and killing over 4,000 Haitian civilians, raping women
and girls while pillaging and looting whatever property they could
get their hands on. Their purpose is to destroy the Lavalas party
that supports democratic rule in Haiti.
In his February 29, 2004 article, entitled
"US Sponsored Coup d'Etat - The Destabilization of Haiti,"
recalling Ambassador Foley's involvement in support of the brutal
Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in 1999, Michel Chossudovsky explains
how U.S. Ambassador Foley had been sent to Port au Prince in advance
of the CIA sponsored operation to oust President Aristide for
a second time. He outlines the use and patterns of drug monies
to finance the CIA operations in Haiti and the disbanded Haitian
military just as the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) was financed
by drug money and supported by the CIA. (See, www.globalresearch.ca/articles/CHO402D.html
Chossudovsky writes "The armed insurrection
which contributed to unseating President Aristide on February
29th 2004 was the result of a carefully staged military-intelligence
operation." A U.S. military-intelligence operation that is.
U.S. AMBASSADOR FOLEY'S ROLE IN HAITI
Chossudovsky outlines U.S. Ambassador
Foley's unique qualifications to reintegrate the Haitian ex-soldiers
into the local police force, to launder and re-image the brutal
image of the Haitian military and paramilitary. This Foley plan
today has culminated in perhaps more than a 29 million reward
payment to these U.S. assets. The implementation of this plan
is precisely the reason the Bush/Noreiga government posted Foley
to Haiti as U.S. Ambassador.
"The KLA had been involved in similar
targeted political assassinations and killings of civilians, in
the months leading up to the 1999 NATO invasion as well as in
its aftermath. Following the NATO led invasion and occupation
of Kosovo, the KLA was transformed into the Kosovo Protection
Force (KPF) under UN auspices. Rather than being disarmed to prevent
the massacres of civilians, a terrorist organization with links
to organized crime and the Balkans drug trade, was granted a legitimate
At the time of the Kosovo war, the current
ambassador to Haiti James Foley was in charge of State Department
briefings, working closely with his NATO counterpart in Brussels,
Jamie Shea. Barely two months before the onslaught of the NATO
led war on 24 March 1999, James Foley had called for the "transformation"
of the KLA into a respectable political organization" ( globalresearch.ca/articles/CHO402D.html
Today, although what is happening in Haiti
is being portrayed in the mainstream press as the "bad-decisions"
of the "incompetent" Latorture, another Black man who
can't govern and what must the enlightened world do that it hasn't
done for poor Haiti other than to now put it under "international
protectorate." Although that is the official spin, Haitians
know different. The evidence and simple common sense and knowledge
of U.S. traditional policies in Haiti reveals otherwise.
What is happening in Haiti is exactly
what was planned and orchestrated to happen by the U.S. and Ambassador
"In other words, Washington's design
is "regime change": topple the Lavalas administration
and install a compliant US puppet regime, integrated by the Democratic
Platform and the self-proclaimed Front pour la libération
et la reconstruction nationale (FLRN), whose leaders are former
FRAPH and Tonton Macoute terrorists. The latter are slated to
integrate a "national unity government" alongside the
leaders of the Democratic Convergence and The Group of 184 Civil
Society Organizations led by Andy Apaid. More specifically, the
FLRN led by Guy Philippe is slated to rebuild the Haitian Armed
forces, which were disbanded in 1995."
None of this is "bad-decision-making"
by Gerard Latorture. Matters are going on as planned. Latorture
along with even the disbanded Haitian military are simply pawns,
tools of empire, planted to help bring the Haitian people into
For, webs of debt insures loyalty, promotes
U.S. "narco-democracy" and the corporatocracy's commercial
and global empire interests. The lives, civil liberties, tribulations
and dreams of Black Haitians are irrelevant in this equation.
Simply something that must be managed by obfuscating the realities,
obfuscating the upside down morality of the economic hit men who
work for the world's richest consulting firms, international institutions
and their governmental umbrellas, UN/USAID programs and National
Endowment for Democracy programs.
WHY IS THE U.S., THE RICHEST COUNTRY IN
THE WORLD DOING THESE FOUL THINGS TO IMPOVERISHED HAITI?
I often get the question "WHY?"
"Haiti has nothing to offer", people say. "Its
the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. It doesn't have
oil reserves like Iraq."
Again I say Haiti's problem is not that
its Black people can't solve their social issues and rule themselves.
Haiti's problem is and has always been DEBT. Foreign debt, dependency
As Perkins states, his job as a three-piece-suited
thug, (my characterization) was to, and I quote: "encourage
world leaders to become part of a vast network that promotes U.S.
commercial interests. In the end, those leaders become ensnared
in a web of debt that ensures their loyalty. We can draw on them
whenever we desire - to satisfy our political, economic, or military
needs. In turn, they bolster their political positions by bringing
industrial parks, power plants, and airports to their people.
The owners of U.S. engineering/construction companies become fabulously
But in Haiti, if you are a democratically
elected government, the first ones in almost two hundred years,
and have a destitute population looking for you to create jobs,
build schools, provide subsidized health care, a living-wage,
clean and potable water, looking for you to navigate a traditionally
predatory state apparatus towards democracy, compassion and social
justice for all Haitian citizens, then, you want resident Haitian
architects, Haitian engineers, Haitian computer experts coming
up with the plans, Haitian workers building the airports, the
health clinics and power plants and parks. You want a domestic
economy - that is to use state funds not to pay FOREIGN DEBT but
to build a public transportation system, new roads, sewage facilities,
public parks, to provide access to electricity everywhere, phone
service, communication networks. You want to use state funds to
plant trees, subsidize gas prices, food prices, health care cost,
national education, literacy programs, domestic investments. The
people expect this. They fought against dictatorship and the morally
repugnant economic elites and their brutal military for decades
to get due representation, to stop taxation without representation.
But if you are the Aristide/Neptune government
and you try and accommodate your people's interests, that very
attempt is going against the giant U.S. commercial interests and
must not succeed.
Naomi Klein's article below also explains
how the world's richest countries break the backs of the impoverished
in Iraq with unjust debt.
For those in the U.S. who keep asking
WHY would the richest country in the world destabilize Haiti's
duly elected government and then arm ex-Haitian military to take
over Haitian towns, and now agree to pay them ten years back pay,
the answer is MONEY. Or, DEBT.
In Haiti, the coup d'Etat government is
being loaned billions. Even when the promised billions to Haiti
are not actually paid out, Haiti owes and has, particularly under
the Aristide/Neptune government, been forced to pay interests
on loans promised by the richest international institutions but
The imported regime is undertaking to
mortgage Haiti's future as evidence by the recent agreement to
pay ten years back pay to the brutal Haitian military. Everyday
they remain in office, is another day free and fair elections
are put off.
Meanwhile the Latorture regime's first
order of business when it came to power back in March, 2004 was
to tell France not to worry about the 21 billion dollars in restitution
it owes to the people of Haiti. France had, even after centuries
of enjoying the free labor of the Africans under slavery, forced
the free Haitians to make payments, for close to 100 years after
Haiti's independence for the lost of France's human chattels,
"property" as a result of the successful Haitian revolution.
Defenseless Haiti couldn't say no to these
payments because all the European tribes - the U.S., Britain,
Spain, France, et al, who had slavery in the Caribbean, insisted
on these payments and all benefited. This was the beginning of
DEBT in Haiti. It proved a good substitute. The slave-owning European
tribes would quickly learn that debt was a better plan of entrapment
than having to deal with the tricky moral and military mess of
outright chattel slavery. The debt model, that is financial colonialism,
would, by the 2Oth century be the preferred colonial form. It
began in Haiti.
These funds blackmailed and ransomed from
Haiti are today worth in excess of 21 billion. Haitians were forced
at gunpoint to make these payments simply in order that France
would not come back and keep trying to reinstate slavery.
Today with the Bush regime change that
ousted a democratic government and replaced it with dictatorship,
Haitians are virtually enslaved with talk of a permanent dictatorship
through a UN or "international" protectorate gaining
Now that Haiti's democracy has been beheaded
by the Bush Administration, thousands of innocent Haitians are
internal refugees, Maroons being hunted down for their affiliation
to the constitutional government while tens of thousands were
forced into exile, over 4,000 murdered since February 29, 2004
and over 1,000 Haitians, including Haiti's legitimate Prime Minister,
rotting in the U.S.-backed regime's jails.
It is simply unconscionable this upside
down morality. What today's richest countries and corporations,
what darkness global empire have brought to humankind!
In the meantime, the New York Times and
other mainstream media simply ignore the truth, continuing to
blame or make blanket statements about how Haiti's problems are
caused by the destitute ghetto gangs who were "armed with
M-16s" before the Coup d'etat by the exiled president.
Away from mainstream media scrutiny the
Economic Hit Men in Haiti at the U.S. Embassy, USAID, European
Union, France, and Canada go about their morally reprehensible
tasks - implementing financial colonialism, setting policies to
ensure more debt for their multinational corporations and commercial
interests to be serviced.
To further mask their crimes and not make
it apparently racist in Black Haiti, especially during Haiti's
celebration of its 200th year bicentennial, the Bush Administration
outsourced their military biddings to nonwhites and armies of
color, like the Brazilians, Chinese, Lebanese, Jordanians, Turkish,
Pakistan, El Salvadorians, Filipinos and, of course, the reconstituted
Haitian army - all in their efforts to silence the Haitian people,
crush and destroy their resistance to tyranny while fooling the
world about the nature of U.S./Euro involvement in Haiti. (See,
the other U.S. client states who are in Haiti at: www.un.org/Depts/dpko/missions/minustah/facts.html
The death counts for 2004 are horrible.
But, sipping tropical cocktails at Haiti's upscale restaurant,
these three-piece-suited guys and corporate gals, graduates from
the worlds best schools, training programs and citizens of the
richest countries, will simply tell you "it's just a job
" Besides they've got "mortgages to fund and children
in private schools" in the U.S., France and Canada whose
tuition they must pay. That's what two lawyers from USAID once
told me when I pointed out their policies were killing Haitian
children and that gluttonous greed was not a pretty thing.
That was back in 1995 when I first returned
to Haiti to lend my skills to help with the institutionalization
of democracy and the rule of law. Their antics just got worst
until finally today, the economic hit men and women, have duly
accomplished their commercial clients' goals and attained for
the most conducive investment environment: unchecked dictatorship
and debt for Haiti.
But read the New York Times recent article
on January 2, 2005, by Michael Kamber, for instance, and it's
the poor ghetto gangs who, in the end, are uniformly blamed for
Haiti instability today. (See. "A Troubled Haiti Struggles
to Gain Its Political Balance" by Michael Kamber ).
Haiti's insecurity, chaos, instability
and even disenfranchisement is readily blamed on " members
of the gangs who control city's slums. "
New York Times, AP and Reuters journalists
rarely point out how these city slums came to be; why Haiti is
contained-in-poverty and has been since the French indemnity back
in 1825; or, the reason for Cite Soleil and other such Port-au-Prince
slums; the failed USAID policies and how Cite Soleil and Port-au-Princes
other overpopulated ghettos were created by the failed free trade
zone, sweatshop policies and the dumping of U.S. subsidized agricultural
goods that destroyed the rural farmers and forced them into the
cities looking for work.
In the Destabilization of Haiti, Michel
Chossudovsky, explains that:
"With the adoption of the IMF-World
Bank sponsored trade reforms, the agricultural system, which previously
produced food for the local market, had been destabilized. With
the lifting of trade barriers, the local market was opened up
to the dumping of US agricultural surpluses including rice, sugar
and corn, leading to the destruction of the entire peasant economy.
Gonaives, which used to be Haiti's rice basket region, with extensive
paddy fields had been precipitated into bankruptcy ' (See, US
Sponsored Coup d'Etat: The Destabilization of Haiti by Michel
Chossudovsky at: www.globalresearch.ca/articles/CHO402D.html )
No context is given. No analysis is made
of the Cold War politics that supported Haitian oppression for
over 30-years and the 19-years of U.S. occupation that ended up
making Haiti a thousand times poorer than before the U.S. got
there; leaving the Haitian people with a legacy they never owned
before the U.S. occupation, that is - "the poorest country
in the Western Hemisphere."
Rarely are any comments made or comparisons
seen between this second U.S.-backed Coup D'etat against the Haitian
people and the first U.S.-backed coup d'etat. Mainstream journalists
parroting Bush State Department bulletins rarely connect, in print,
the refusal of the 20,000 U.S. troops back in 1994 to disarm the
disbanded Haitian military as a continuum that logically ended
with the remobilization in 2004 of said brutal military for the
second U.S.-backed Coup D'etat against President Aristide.
No, virtually without context and historical
perspective, all ills in Haiti are today blamed on the Haitian
poor and the ghetto gangs - the "chimeres."
As if they had the resources, training,
arms and authority to overthrow Haiti's government, could force
thousands of Haitians into exile and into prisons or fill Haiti's
morgues with dead bodies. As if they are the ones who just massacred
over 100 political prisoners in Haiti the very December 1st day
Colin Powell went to Haiti to reiterate, one more time, Bush's
support for the U.S.-imported Latorture. As if they have the resources
and power to imprison duly elected government officials, fly Haiti's
President to the Central African Republic, refuse to ship arms,
equipment and tear gas that could have helped the Constitutional
government stop the Coup d'etat.
The corporate press speak of the role
of the ghetto gangs in Port-au-Prince as if Haiti IS only Port-au-Prince.
As if these few and powerless street gangs,
some of whom are Haitian deportees from the U.S. prisons, could
have, before Feb. 29, 2004, convinced the U.N. Security Counsel
to back up the Constitutional government of Haiti not the FRAPH
thugs and killers, the brutal Haitian military and the wealthy
Ninjas - those brutal murderers who are mostly the children of
the wealthy economic elites in Haiti who kill the poor and dispossessed
with total and absolute impunity.
No, the mainstream media offers, parroting
Bush State Department bulletins. It's the poor, the bandits, the
"pro-Aristide gangs", who are, the only Haitians fighting
for the return of President Aristide and Constitutional rule to
They, not the Latorture death regime,
not the Ninjas, not the former Haitian military and FRAPH paramilitary,
are mostly categorized as "the criminals," the bandits
responsible for the "random killings" in Haiti before,
during and since the Coup d'etat. Whereas, the decent, the beautiful,
the good, the practical, the rational Haitians are supposedly
all AGAINST the return of President Aristide and Constitutional
rule to Haiti and are not responsible or complicit for any of
the mayhem in Haiti.
It's the chimeres, these urban gangs in
the Port-au-Prince's overpopulated neighborhoods, not the the
coup d'etat governments of France, U.S. or Canada; not the paid
Haitian mercenaries who murdered Haitian policemen and took over
Haitian towns; not the EHM and their NED-CIA cohorts who trained,
funded and provided them with arms; not the Haitian-journalists
andso-called Haitian "civil society" NGOs, trained and
paid, through USAID programs and who, before the coup d'etat,
had spread blatant lies, fabrications and half truths about the
"the Haitian population's total loss of support for President
Yes, its the poor, black and illiterate
who are responsible for Haiti's instability. The economic hit
men and their cleanup men and women go unscrutinized.
No New York Times article is analyzing
the U.S destabilization programs that were put in place to destroy
Haiti and profit the richest Haitians, the richest countries and
corporations in the world.
The simple truth is, right now, it's not
the poor majority in Haiti clamoring for a return to democracy,
nor the opportunistic criminal elements in the ghettos using politics
for their own selfish ends, but the imported Latorture regime
and its US/UN allies and economic hit men who have the monopoly
on violence in Haiti.
They are the main purveyors of Haiti's
instability and insecurity. The replacements to Haiti's duly elected
government are committing genocide in Haiti and fostering more
DEBT and absolutely no development that meets the Haitian peoples'
long or short term needs and interests. Those facts are irrevocable.
Marguerite Laurent, Esq. Founder and Chair,
Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network January 4, 2005 www.margueritelaurent.com/pressclips/newsessaysreflections.html