European Social Charter
Signed at Turin, Italy on I8 October I96I.
European Treaty Series, No 48; I2 European Yearbook 397.
The Governments signatory hereto, being Members of the Council
Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is the achievement
of greater unity between its Members for the purpose of safeguarding
and realizing the ideals and principles which are their common
heritage and of facilitating their economic and social progress,
in particular by the maintenance and further realization of human
rights and fundamental freedoms;
Considering that in the European Convention for the Protection
of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms signed at Rome on 4th
November I950, and the Protocol thereto signed at Paris 20th March
I952, the member States of the Council of Europe agreed to secure
to their populations the civil and political rights and freedoms
Considering that the enjoyment of social rights should be
secured without discrimination on grounds of race, color, sex,
religion, political opinion, national extraction or social origin;
Being resolved to make every effort in common to improve the
standard of living and to promote the social well-being of both
their urban and rural populations by means of appropriate institutions
Have agreed as follows:
The Contracting Parties accept as the aim of their policy,
to be pursued by all appropriate means, both national and international
in character, the attainment of conditions in which the following
rights and principles may be effectively realized:
I. Everyone shall have the opportunity to earn his living
in an occupation freely entered upon.
2. All workers have the right to just conditions of work.
3. All workers have the right to save and healthy working
4. All workers have the right to a fair remuneration sufficient
for a decent standard of living for themselves and their families.
5. All workers and employers have the right to freedom of
association in national or international organizations for the
protection of their economic and social interests.
6. All workers and employers have the right to bargain collectively.
7. Children and young persons have the right to special protection
against the physical and moral hazards to which they are exposed.
8. Employed women, in case of maternity, and other employed
women as appropriate, have the right to a special protection in
9. Everyone has the right to appropriate facilities for vocational
guidance with a view to helping him choose an occupation suited
to his personal aptitude and interests.
I0. Everyone has the right to appropriate facilities for vocational
II. Everyone has the right to benefit from all measures enabling
him to enjoy the highest possible standard of health attainable.
I2. All workers and their dependents have the right to social
I3. Anyone without adequate resources has the right to social
and medical assistance.
I4. Everyone has the right to benefit from social welfare