excerpted from the book
Facing the Facts About
the U.S.-Israeli Relationship
by Paul Findley, 1993, paperback
All Palestinians-even those in self-rule areas like Gaza and Jericho-are
kept as virtual prisoners within isolated and closely guarded
cantons where external employment, trade, and travel are tightly
restricted... This crippling, demeaning policy remains in force
throughout the occupied territories, afflicting all Palestinians
like a pestilence. It is reminiscent of the suffering South African
blacks experienced in isolated Bantustans before apartheid was
Michael Jansen, "Middle East International", June 10,
Palestinians living in Gaza and Jericho
are worse off than were the blacks of South Africa confined to
There has been; shift from Ariel Sharon's stark vision of the
transfer of Palestinians and outright Israeli annexation of the
territories to a more sophisticated concept of quantitative control,
selective annexation of the territories to a more sophisticated
concept of quantitative control, selective annexation, separation
[through closure], and containment of Palestinian population centers
within contiguous Jewish settlements.
on a vast scale.
The United States maintains a pivotal
role in Israel's control and exploitation of the occupied territories-the
West Bank, East Jerusalem, the Gaza Strip, southern Lebanon, and
the Golan Heights-all of it Arab land. Our government provides
unwavering financial, diplomatic, and military support while Israel
persists in the violation of international law, maintains a tight
and often brutal military rule over nearly two million Arabs,
and masks all of this behind a shield of deliberate deceptions.
[The influence of the Israel Support Network] is pervasive throughout
government and in almost every aspect of life, private and public,
across the United States. On Capitol Hill it is so powerful that
no debate worthy of the name ever occurs on the Arab-Israeli conflict.
former Under Secretary of State George
On Middle East policy, Congress behaves
like a bunch of trained poodles, jumping through the hoop held
by Israel's lobby.
Each year the U.S. Congress donates to Israel the equivalent of
$1,000 for every Israeli man, woman, and child. No matter how
sharply Congress cuts other items in the federal budget, gifts
to Israel sweep through without restrictive amendment or murmur
Donald McHenry, a career diplomat and former ambassador to the
Because of the [Israeli] lobby's influence,
our government is unable to pursue its own national interests
in the Middle East.
Nazi Germany's systematic attempt to destroy European Jewry, for
which the U. S. government had no direct responsibility, is the
subject of a national memorial [ Holocaust Museum, Washington,
D.C.] while examples for which our government must accept full
responsibility-slavery, the slaughter of American Indians, and
Israel's violation of Arab human rights-are overlooked.
Ralph Nurnberger, a scholar and keen observer of Judaism
For many American Jews, Israel has replaced
Judaism as their religion.
Fundamentalist Christians and the Jews who accept Israel as their
religion seem constrained to defend it from all criticism. In
their zeal they often wrongfully castigate Israel's critics as
anti-Semites or as "self-hating Jews." The effect is
intimidation. Free speech is stifled and thoughtful study and
Most of the fallacies about Israel are the work of religious partisans,
both Jewish and Christian, who repeat these fallacies so frequently
year after year that they are accepted almost universally as fact.
For most Americans, this skein of myths defines Israel and constitutes
the case for still more U.S. economic, political, and military
The Balfour Declaration was contained in a letter sent by British
Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Lord Rothschild, president
of the British Zionist Federation, on November 2, 1917. The declaration
had been approved by the British cabinet and said: "His Majesty's
Government view with favor the establishment in Palestine of a
national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors
to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly
understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the
civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities
in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews
in any other country.
At the time of the 1917 Balfour Declaration there were about 600,000
Arabs in Palestine and about 60,000 Jews.
On the eve of the 1947 UN plan to partition Palestine, Arabs still
were a large majority, with Jews amounting to only one-third of
the population - 608,225 Jews to 1,237,332 Arabs.
The Palestinians rejected the plan [1947 UN Partition Plan] because
it granted the Jews more than half of Palestine despite the fact
that they made up only one-third of the population and owned only
6.59 percent of the land. In addition, the Palestinians maintained
that the United Nations had no legal right to recommend partition
when the majority inhabitants of Palestine opposed it.
There is no such thing in history as
a final arrangement - not with regard to the regime, not with
regard to borders, and not with regard to international agreements.
Golda Meir, Israeli prime minister, 1972
We too had our terrorist groups during
the War of Independence: the Stern, the Irgun... But neither of
them ever covered itself with such infamy as the Arabs have done
British Major R. D. Wilson reported in 1948
[Zionist terrorists made] bestial attacks
on Arab villages, in which they showed not the slightest discrimination
for women and children, whom they killed as opportunity offered.
Zionist acts of terror, carried out mainly by members of two major
groups, the Irgun and Lehi, or Stern Gang, included the 1946 bombing
of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, which killed ninety-one
people - forty-one Arabs, twenty-eight British, and seventeen
Jews; the 1947 hanging of two British soldiers and booby trapping
of their bodies; the 1948 bombing of the Arab-owned Semiramis
Hotel in Jerusalem, which killed twenty-two Arabs, including women
and children; the 1948 massacre of 254 Arab men, women, and children
villagers of Deir Yassin; the massacre of scores of civilians
at the village of Dawayima in 1948; and the 1948 assassination
of UN Special Representative Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden.
Menachem Begin led the Irgun, and Yitzhak
Shamir was one of the leaders of the Stern Gang. Both men later
became prime ministers of Israel.
David Ben-Gurion, 1915
We do not intend to push the Arabs aside,
to take their land, or to disinherit them.
Nearly two-thirds of the original 1.2 million Palestinian population
had been displaced, turned into refugees. This massive loss was
the reason that the war became known to Arabs as the Nakba, the
When Israeli scholar Israel Shahak conducted a study in 1973,
he discovered that of the original 475 Palestinian villages caught
inside Israel's self-proclaimed frontiers in 1949 only 90 remained;
385 had been destroyed. Later studies showed that the total was
more than 400.
Israeli scholar Israel Shahak
[The villages were] destroyed completely,
with their houses, garden-walls, and even cemeteries and tomb-stones,
so that literally a stone does not remain standing, and visitors
are ... being told that 'it was all desert.
Defense Minister Moshe Dayan told a class of Israeli students
There is not single place built in this
country that did not have a former Arab population.
[Indeed, the Israelis confiscated 158,332
out of a total of 179,316 housing units.]
Two major waves of Palestinian refugees have been created by the
Arab-Israeli conflict. The first wave resulted from the 1948 war
and numbered 726,000, two-thirds of the total Palestinian population
of 1.2 million. The second wave came in the 1967 war when 323,000
Palestinians became homeless, 113,000 of whom were already refugees
David Ben-Gurion, Israeli prime minister, 1949
There are no refugees-there are fighters
who sought to destroy us, root and branch.
The United Nations concluded in late 1949 that 726,000 of the
1.2 million Palestinians had been uprooted from their homes and
turned into refugees by the 1948 war.
Israeli historian Benny Morris
Ben-Gurion clearly wanted as few Arabs
as possible to remain in the Jewish State. He hoped to see them
Israeli historian Simha Flapan
Hundreds of thousands of [Palestinians],
intimidated and terrorized, fled in panic, and still others were
driven out by the Jewish army, which, under the leadership of
[David] Ben-Gurion, planned and executed the expulsion in the
wake of the UN Partition Plan.
Israeli historian Simha Flapan
That Ben-Gurion's ultimate aim was to
evacuate as much of the Arab population as possible from the Jewish
state can hardly be doubted.
We shall try to spirit the penniless population
[the Palestinians] across the border by procuring employment for
it in the transit countries, while denying it any employment in
our own country.
As a result of the uprooting of the Palestinians, there were only
170,000 of them left within the land controlled by Israel at the
end of fighting in 1949. These men, women, and children became
citizens of Israel and made up about 15 percent of the population.
Israel's influence on the U.S. government has become legendary,
primarily because of what is called the Israeli lobby. Despite
modest disclaimers about its power, virtually all politicians,
newspeople, and others who have experienced the lobby firsthand
attest to the overwhelming influence of Israel's supporters in
e Congress and in the formulation of U.S. foreign policy.
Of the myriad pro-Israel groups, none is better organized, more
active, or more powerful than AIPAC, the American Israel Public
Affairs Committee, the major lobby supporting Israel in the United
States since 1951.1 Its influence on Congress is such that for
more than two decades Israel has enjoyed extraordinary levels
of financial aid and special benefits, all of them granted with
barely a word of serious discussion. AIPAC is the envy of other
lobbies for its easy access to the highest levels of government.
AIPAC has about fifty thousand dues-paying members, and, in addition
to its headquarters in Washington, D.C., offices in eight cities.
Its endorsement of a political candidate usually results in contributions
from the nearly one hundred pro-Israel political action committees
around the country.
[American Israel Public Affairs Committee] AIPAC's of a political
candidate usually results in contributions from the nearly one
hundred pro-Israel political action committees around the country.
New York Times, 1987
[AIPAC] has become a major force in shaping
United States policy in the Middle East... The organization has
gained power to influence a presidential candidate's choice of
staff, to block practically any arms sale to an Arab country and
to serve as a catalyst for intimate military relations between
the Pentagon and the Israeli army. Its leading officials are consulted
by State Department and White House policy makers, by senators
Without a doubt, AIPAC is the most powerful
ethnic lobby to emerge in recent American history. A case can
be made that it is, in fact, the most powerful Washington lobby
of any kind. AIPAC's influence is felt not merely on the Hill
but in the White House, the Pentagon, the state department, the
treasury and in a host of buildings in between. And its influence
doesn't depend on the assistance of a friendly administration;
more often than not, it's the other way around.
Kathleen Christison, a former CIA analyst, 1988
Under [President] Reagan, AIPAC has become
a partner in policy-making .... The American Israel Public Affairs
Committee is so pervasive at the White House as well as in Congress
AIPAC reached a new height of power and influence during the Reagan
years... AIPAC so dominated the Reagan administration that AIPAC
Executive Director Thomas Dine reported at AIPAC's twenty-seventh
annual policy conference in 1986 that relations had never been
better between the United States and Israel - and, implicitly,
better for AIPAC.
Secretary of State George Schultz promised
AIPAC Executive Director Thomas Dine that the Reagan Administration
"build institutional arrangements
so that eight years from now, if there is a secretary of state
who is not positive about Israel, he will not be able to overcome
the bureaucratic relationship between Israel and the U.S. that
we have established."
former AIPAC staffer Richard B. Straus in The Washington Post,
American Middle East policy has shift
dramatically in favor of Israel.
former AIPAC staffer Richard B. Straus
in The Washington Post, 1986 quoted AIPAC Executive Director Thomas
[The special relationship with Israel]
is a deep, broad-based partnership progressing day-by-day toward
a full-fledged diplomatic and military alliance.
former AIPAC staffer Richard B. Straus in The Washington Post,
State Department Arabists acknowledge
that Arab interests hardly get a hearing today in Washington.
a former State Department official
We used to have a two-track policy. Now
only Israel's interests are considered.
former Democratic Senator Charles Mathias of Maryland
When an issue of importance to Israel
comes before Congress, AIPAC promptly and unfailingly provides
all members with data and documentation, supplemented, as circumstances
dictate, with telephone calls and personal visits. Beyond that,
signs of hesitation or opposition on the part of a Senator or
Representative can usually be relied on to call / forth large
numbers of letters and telegrams, or visits and phone calls from
AIPAC does not limit its activities to legitimate propaganda.
In 1974 it joined with the American Jewish Committee and other
Jewish groups to form a "truth squad" to counter what
it called pro-Arab propaganda.
investigative reporter Robert I. Friedman
[The AIPAC truth squad turned into] a
kind of Jewish thought police. Investigators - sometimes overzealous
Jewish college students, sometimes sources with access to U.S.
intelligence agencies - were used to ferret out critics of Israel,
Jew or Gentile, wherever they might be .... Their speeches and
writings were monitored, as were, in some cases, their other professional
activities. And they were often smeared with charges of anti-Semitism
or with the pernicious label of self-hating Jew. The intention
was to stifle debate on the Middle East within the Jewish community,
the media and academia, for fear that criticism of any kind would
weaken the Jewish state.
Gregory D. Slabodkin, formerly an AIPAC researcher
To date, revelations about AIPAC's blacklisting
and smear tactics have barely scratched the surface of the pro-Israel
lobby's secret activities... AIPAC operates a covert section within
its research department that monitors and keeps files on politicians,
journalists, academics, Arab-American activists, Jewish liberals,
and others it labels 'anti-Jewish.' AIPAC selects information
from these files and secretly circulates lists of the 'guilty,'
together with their alleged political misdeeds, buttressed by
their statements, often totally out of context.
AIPAC's [American Israel Public Affairs Committee] new blacklist
is a weekly publication called Activities - naming individuals
and organizations critical of Israel.
AIPAC's stealth section is currently headed
by Michael Lewis, son of Princeton University Orientalist Bernard
Lewis. Michael Lewis has said of Activities: "Ultimately,
of all the information disseminated from AIPAC, Activities may
well be ' the most eagerly sought, read and used to good advantage.
Gregory D. Slabodkin, formerly an AIPAC researcher
[AIPAC's stealth section headed by Michael
Lewis keeps locked up in his office] literally hundreds and hundreds
of files on people and organizations that AIPAC deems 'anti-Israel...
Nor are politicians the only ones named in Lewis's collection
of dossiers. Members of the media, entertainers, and academics
are also listed in AIPAC's secret files as among the enemies of
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
I am aware how almost impossible it is
in this country to carry out a foreign policy [in the Middle East]
not approved by the Jews.
Secretary of State John Foster Dulles remarked about
The control the Jews have over the news
media and the barrage which the Jews have built up on congressmen...
I am very much concerned over the fact that the Jewish influence
here is completely dominating the scene and making it almost impossible
to get Congress to do anything they don't approve of. The Israeli
Embassy is practically dictating to the Congress through influential
Jewish people in the country.
AIPAC [has had] astonishing success in helping strong supporters
of Israel get elected to Congress. It stems largely from its targeting
of vast sums of campaign money to politicians voicing support
for Israel. Although AIPAC cannot legally give money to candidates,
many pro-Israel political action committees take their lead from
AIPAC's rating of candidates and funnel their funds accordingly.
author Edward Tivnan
Few ambitious American politicians could
even dream of higher office without the prospect of Jewish money.
Admiral Thomas Moorer
I've never seen a President - I don't
care who he is - stand up to them [the Israelis]. It just boggles
your mind. They always get what they want.
Israel has active relations with many Third World countries, mainly
because of its vigorous sales of military equipment and its close
ties to the United States, which small countries seek to exploit.
Israel at times also acts as a surrogate for the United States
in activities in which Washington wishes to conceal its involvement.
A dramatic example is the Iran-Contra affair in which Israel shipped
weapons to Iran and the profits were used to finance the Nicaraguan
Contras in contravention of congressional restrictions.
Shimon Peres, Israeli prime minister, 1986
We do not sell arms to Iran... The reports
are completely unfounded.
Israel's strategic plan developed in the late 1940s and early
1950s - combating the Arab nations by creating friendly relations
with non-Arab nations on the edge of the Arab Middle East and
with minorities within the region .. most of all with Iran.
Iran was the first Muslim nation to give de facto recognition
to Israel in 1950. Over the years relations became extremely close:
Iran became one of Israel's main suppliers of oil, and Israel
joined with the United States in the early 1970s to help the shah
of Iran destabilize Iraq by supporting the Kurds.
Israeli leaders repeatedly sought to influence U.S. policy away
from Iraq and toward Iran during the 1980s. This effort helps
explain why Israel was so interested in promoting what became
the Iran-Contra scandal of the mid-1980s under which the Reagan
administration sold weapons through Israel to Iran. Such a pivotal
intermediary role reinforced Israel's influence in Tehran, continued
the enervating war between Iran and Iraq, which Israel saw in
its national interests, and preserved a hugely profitable business.
The CIA was reported to have paid Israel as much as $80 million
during the 1960s for "political penetration of newly independent
states in black Africa".
After the 1967 war, Israel was revealed as an occupying power
much like the Western colonialists Africa had so recently shed.
Moreover, Israel's friendly relations with the white racist regimes
in Rhodesia and South Africa were resented, as was its support
of Portugal's efforts to retain colonies in Angola, Guinea-Bissau,
and Mozambique. Its voting record in the united Nations generally
supporting the West also was resented by Africans. In addition,
many Africans were disillusioned by Israel's support of some of
Africa's most repugnant regimes including those of Idi Amin in
Uganda, Mobutu in ,,,,Zaire, and Bokassa in the Central African
former Israeli General Mattiyahu Peled said in the mid-1980s
In Central America, Israel is the 'dirty
work' contractor for the U.S. administration. Israel is acting
as an accomplice and arm of the United States.
It was in part the Reagan administration's effort to bypass the
Boland amendment outlawing aid to the Contras that motivated Israel
to suggest that profits gained from selling arms to Iran be diverted
to buying arms for the Contras. This was the heart of the scandal
involving Colonel Oliver North and Admiral John Poindexter known
as the Iran-Contra affair.
Israeli scholar Aaron S. Klieman
Israel has offered to share stocks of
arms captured in Lebanon, assisted intelligence activities in
Costa Rica and Guatemala, and reportedly trained government forces
in both of those countries as well as in Honduras and El Salvador
to combat antigovernment insurgents .... Israel reportedly is
among the largest secondary suppliers to Central America.
Israel has courted and befriended such brutal despots as General
Augusto Pinochet Ugarte of Chile, Roberto D'Aubuisson of El Salvador,
General Romeo Lucas Garcia of Guatemala, Jean-Claude Duvalier
of Haiti, Anastasio Somoza Debayle of Nicaragua, and General Aifredo
Stroessner of Paraguay,
The basic nature of the Arab-Israeli conflict has been misunderstood
for many years because Israel successfully portrayed it as a struggle
between Jews and Arabs. In fact, at its core it is a much more
limited and more personal conflict. It centers on the Zionist
effort to wrest from the native Palestinians their land and their
homes, a relentless campaign that continues to this day.
David Ben-Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, 1936
We and they [the Palestinians] want the
same thing: we both want Palestine. And that is the fundamental
Israel has fought hard over the years to discredit the United
Nations largely because the UN has been the leader in recognizing
the fundamental nature of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In
1969 the UN General Assembly took the first major step in changing
the world's perception of the conflict. It passed a resolution
recognizing the Palestinians as a separate people and affirming
their "inalienable rights." Resolution 12535 noted that
the assembly recognized "that the problem of the Palestine
Arab refugees has arisen from the denial of their inalienable
rights under the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights.
... Passage of the resolution marked the
beginning of the world's recognition of the Palestinians as a
dispossessed people with basic rights under international law.
Rafael Eitan, Israel's military chief of the staff during the
1982 invasion of Lebanon
When we have settled the land, all the
Arabs will be able to do about it will be scurry around like drugged
roaches Lin a bottle.
Golda Meir, Israeli Prime Minister, 1969
When was there an independent Palestinian
people with a Palestinian state? It was either southern Syria
before the First World War, and then it was a Palestine including
Jordan. It was not as though there was a Palestinian people and
we came and threw them out and took their country away from them.
They did not exist.
extremist Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the militant Jewish Defense
League, in the New
York Times, 1988
There is no such thing as 'Palestinian
people. There are no Palestinians.
The costs of U.S. support for Israel are enormous and varied.
They go beyond the outpouring of dollars from the U.S. treasury
and the moral price the American people pay as the result of our
collusion in Israel's repression of human rights.
From both legal and practical standpoints, Israel is not an ally
of the United States. There is no alliance treaty of any kind
between the two nations. The Memorandum of Understanding of Strategic
Cooperation that the Reagan administration signed with Israel
on November 29, 1983, is not a treaty and has no force in international
law. It merely binds the administration that signs it.
Previous presidents and secretaries of state had avoided a formal
alliance with Israel, although they often acted as if one existed.
Harold Brown, Secretary of Defense under President Carter
The whole idea of Israel becoming our
asset seems crazy to me. The Israelis would say, 'Let us help
you', and then you end up being their tool. The Israelis have
their own security interests and we have our interests. They are
On November 330, 1981, the United States, at Secretary of State
Alexander Haig's urgings, concluded the Memorandum of Understanding
on Strategic Cooperation with Israel. The agreement called for
U.S.-Israeli cooperation against threats in the Middle East "caused
by the Soviet Union or Soviet-controlled forces from outside the
Senator Albert Gore, Democratic vice presidential candidate, 1992
Israel is our strongest ally and best
friend, not only in the Middle East, but anywhere else in the
former Under Secretary of state George Ball
Israel has never been prepared to deal
with the United States in the manner and spirit expected of an
ally. It does not share with us, as its primary objective, the
establishment of enduring peace in the area, except on its own
expansionist terms. It does not - and is not willing to - consult
with us or seek to concert a common policy. It persistently deceives
the United States as to its intended moves, often to the detriment
of United States plans and interests.
In 1985, the Reagan administration established a unique free trade
zone with Israel. The pact opened U.S. markets to Israeli goods,
duty free, in direct competition with such American products as
textiles and citrus. It was the first time the United States had
ever granted such access to its markets to a foreign government.
AIPAC Executive Director Thomas A. Dine, 1986
We are in the midst of a revolution that
is raising US-Israel relations to new heights... The old order
in which Israel was regarded as a liability, a hindrance to America's
relationship with the Arab world, a loud and naughty child - that
order has crumbled. In its place, a new relationship is being
built, one in which Israelis treated as - and acts as - an ally,
not just a friend, an asset rather than a liability, a mature
land capable partner, not some vassal state.
Israel is not a democracy. It does not have a constitution. It
discriminates broadly on the basis of religion and is harsh and
often brutal in its treatment of minorities. It is an exclusionary
and expansionist state. For nearly a half century Israeli practices
have been repeatedly condemned by the world community as violations
of international law.
Israel has neither a written constitution nor a bill of rights,
and its government is in part actually a theocracy.
Israel has neither a written constitution nor a bill of rights,
and its government is in part actually a theocracy. According
to the Rabbinical Courts Jurisdiction Law of 1953, all Jewish
residents came under the authority of rabbinical courts in the
areas of domestic and social relations. Thus only kosher meat
is allowed in Israel and proselytizing by Christians and others
is a crime punishable by five years in prison. A religious judge
can order a husband to divorce his wife or deny a divorce to a
wronged wife, and a brother-in-law can keep a childless widow
from remarrying. Christians or Muslims cannot marry Jews in Israel,
and if they are married elsewhere their bond is not recognized
by the rabbinical court in Israel.
To grasp the absurdity of the notion that Israel is like America,
one need only contemplate what life would be like if America operated
by the Israeli rule book. Under those rules, American Christians,
the predominant religious community, would enjoy a highly privileged
status. They alone could confiscate the property of non-Christians,
carry firearms, buy or lease government property, secure subsidized
housing, and enjoy other social benefits. Non-Christians could
be shot on suspicion of carrying a gun or Molotov cocktail. Their
bones could be broken by police as a means of disciplinary education.
Their homes could be entered forcibly without a search warrant,
dynamited, or sealed. They would be subject to arrest and incarceration
for long periods without due process.
Prime Ministers Yitzhak Shamir and Menachem Begin, leaders of
the two largest Jewish terrorist groups in Palestine before the
formation of Israel, have never expressed any remorse about their
Yitzhak Shamir - leader of the Stern Gang terrorist group in Palestine
- at the Madrid peace conference, 1991
I have always said, I always say, I am
proud of everything I have done in my past. I do not disown a
single step .... I am proud of what I have done and I do not owe
an accounting to anyone.
Yitzhak Shamir - leader of the two largest Jewish terrorist groups
in Palestine - to an interviewer
There are those who say that to kill [an
individual] is terrorism, but an attack on an army camp is guerrilla
warfare and to bomb civilians is professional warfare. But I think
it is the same from the moral point of view... It was more efficient
and more moral to go for selected targets.
Israel Shahak, an Israeli scholar who survived a Nazi extermination
camp and now campaigns for Palestinian rights
Israeli soldiers enter a Palestinian library,
public or private, gather up all the books, put them in a pile
outside and set them on fire. Because they cannot read Arabic,
they say, they must burn all books, just to make sure the evil
ones are destroyed.
Israeli economist Steven Pault
Economic policy in Israel consists of
pork barrel politics run amok .... Whereas most countries have
rigorous anti-trust policies and powerful enforcement agencies,
economic policy in Israel is decidedly pro-trust .... Production,
marketing, export quotas, and water and land allotments are distributed
as patronage; they are never auctioned .... Israeli commercial
policy is the most protectionist in the democratic world ....
Any other country would be subject to international trade sanctions
for even a handful of the import restrictions and export manipulations
that Israel maintains.
Republican Senator Malcolm Wallop of Wyoming
The world is marching away from socialism,
yet we're propping up a basically socialist country, Israel.
Israeli economist Alvin Rabushka
One can question the wisdom of the U.S.
taxpayer subsidizing the government of Israel, which in turn uses
the money to subsidize its own socialistic economy.
Israelis these days are enjoying a far higher standard of living
than ever. This results from massive U.S. aid as well as about
$1 billion annually in donations and bond purchases from Jewish
supporters abroad. A major share of Israel's defense expenditures
is actually paid for by the United States. A study by the U.S.
General Accounting Office reported that by 1983 the United States
was already paying for 37 percent of Israel's military budget.
Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan, 1979
I know you Americans think you're going
to force us out of the West Bank. But we're here and you're in
Washington. What will you do if we maintain settlements? Squawk?
What will you do if we keep the army there? Send troops?
Most [officials in both Congress and the executive branch] recognize
the folly of present policy and the need for strong U.S. leadership
in the Middle East, but they are so intimidated by the government
of Israel and its U.S. supporters that they are afraid to pursue
our nation's own best interests.
... There is scant hope that our elected
leaders will muster the necessary courage to act until they hear
a powerful demand from the countryside. The American people can
no longer afford to leave the resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict
in the hands of the powerful interests, in and out of government,
that have maintained this costly and corrosive collusion for more
than a quarter of a century.