US-UN Backed Ethiopian Invasion
of Somalia - an International Crime
by Sophia Tesfamariam
On 6 June 2006, the Union of Islamic Courts
(UIC) after a two month long battle against the US-backed Alliance
for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (ARPCT) took
over Mogadishu, the Somali capital. Mogadishu's air and seaports
were re-opened for the first time since 1995. The UIC expanded
its control throughout Somalia and restored peace and security
in areas under their control. The people of Somalia were optimistic
about Somalia's future for the first time in 15 years. But the
celebrations would be dampened; their dreams and aspirations would
be dashed by the sudden appearance of the Islam phobic Jendayi
E. Frazier, US Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs,
who set out to undo the progress, with a "new strategy for
Despite the globe trotting and conducting
of "meetings" with Washington's Somalia Contact Group
(Jendayi wants to believe they are international because a few
"interested parties" have been included) in New York,
Brussels and Kenya, it was evident and the tell tale signs were
therethe SCG was a convenient smokescreen, a cover for a non-existent
diplomatic agenda. Jendayi E. Frazier was preparing for and planning
a military solution for Somalia; she had no intention of allowing
the expansion of the UIC, which would have brought peace, security
and stability in Somalia, but also an Islamic government, a definite
no-no in today's Washington. That was unacceptable to the Islam
phobic envoy and her bosses.
After 15 years of supporting the "wrong
side" (and contributing to the chaos and instability in Somalia)
instead of giving peace a chance, Frazier set out to undo it.
Conducting an unprecedented, very public, and loud vilification
campaign against the UIC in the mainstream media, she set out
to tarnish their image, and isolate them. Colluding with Meles
Zenawi, the deceptive flip flopping leader of the genocidal vote
rigging minority regime in Ethiopia, she planned and advanced
the end of year invasion of Somalia.
Jendayi E. Frazier adopted Meles' defamation
tactics and accused the UIC of having links to Al Qaeda, without
ever providing any evidence. Even as top US Administration officials
refuted her claims, she kept repeating them in hopes that the
labels would stickthey didn't. She accused the UIC of being "extremists",
whatever that means, she deliberately exaggerated and fabricated
the "threat" they posed to Ethiopia, and down played
Ethiopia's aggression and invasion of sovereign Somali territories.
Her outrageous accusations were designed to weaken the UIC's popular
support, and bring internal division in their ranks. It failed.
The UIC maintained their popular support, evidenced by their rapid
expansion to other parts of Somalia, outside of Mogadishu, without
ever resorting to force.
The deceptive street smart Meles Zenawi
ran a parallel campaign to influence Ethiopian public opinion
and convince the rubber stamp Ethiopia Parliament to allow him
take "any and all necessary actions" against the UIC,
and give his invasion the legitimacy in the eyes of the international
community and the Ethiopian people. Relying on his trademark tactics
of deception, gimmicks and lies, he prepared for his illegal war,
knowing that the US State Department and his personal friend,
Jendayi E. Frazier, would provide him the diplomatic, financial,
political and military backing.
Hijacking the Somali peoples right to
self determination, and in violation of the UN Charter and international
law, she set out to impose Washington's solution for Somalia,
by military force. It will be a long time before we know exactly
what transpired between June 2006 and December 2006 when Ethiopia
decided to launch its war of aggression and invasion against Somalia,
but the following report will give us an idea.
Jon Snow of the UK based Channel 4 news
presented a special report on Somalia on 30 January 2006. It will
give the people of Somalia in particular and the people of the
region as a whole a better understanding of what really happened
in Somalia, it also tells us what Jendayi's role was in the invasion
and occupation of Somalia. This is how the report began:
Channel 4 news has obtained an exclusive
document revealing America's role in the planning and execution
of last month's Ethiopian invasion of SomaliaIt reveals the US
having to do close business with a government whose human rights
record has been so recently condemnedit was a document that no
one at the African Union summit was keen on discussing"
Of course they wouldn't. Jendayi Frazier
and her coterie were at the African Union to cover up Ethiopia's
violation of international law, to shove any evidence of their
recklessness and bigotry under the rug using "peacekeepers"
and "stabilization force" as cover.
Jon Snow told his listeners "the
blueprint for a very American supported Ethiopian invasion of
Somalia was hatched" at the US Embassy in Addis Ababa, six
months ago. He said Washington turned to Ethiopia and the reason
is obvious. The mercenary Meles Zenawi was willing to offer Ethiopian
forces to carry out Washington's agenda for Somalia. The end justifies
the means, especially when it is Ethiopian lives that have to
be sacrificed, and not American lives. It makes it even easier
when there is a mercenary regime that is willing to sacrifice
the lives of its own people to advance other agendas.
Snow referred to a "UN record of
a meeting" that took place sometime in June 2006 and was
attended by a US Commander of the Fleet off Somalia, Rear Admiral
Richard Hunt, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs,
Jendayi E. Frazier and an unnamed UN official. According to the
report, the attendees discussed possible scenarios in Somalia
and how to deal with them:
The worst case scenario would result from
a total control by the UIC over Somaliathe US would not allow
In the event of a rapid Ethiopian in and
out intervention "the US would rally with Ethiopia if the
'Jihadists' took over"
Jendayi Frazier is quoted as saying, "It
would be a mistake for the international community to condemn
such an invasion"
An unnamed UN official is quoted as saying,
"any Ethiopian action in Somalia would have Washington's
This clearly shows that Jendayi E. Frazier
and the mercenary Meles Zenawi planned, prepared, and initiated
a war of aggression against Somalia; unnecessarily jeopardizing
the lives of Ethiopia's young in order to effectuate Washington's
incoherent, Islam Phobic foreign policy which Frazier decided
could not be accomplished without Ethiopia's outright invasion
of Somalia. Meles Zenawi, true to his deceptive nature, concocted
a lie to hoodwink the Ethiopian parliament, and launched the unprovoked
aggressive war against Somalia in order to please Washington.
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This report exposes the deceptions, lies
and total disregard for the wishes and aspirations of the Somali
people. It also showed contempt for Ethiopian lives. The fact
that a UN official was present and pretty much condoning the upcoming
war of aggression and invasion is deeply disturbing. Whether or
not he/she was acting in an official capacity does not matter.
A UN employee is supposed to uphold the Charter. Kofi Annan, the
former Secretary General of the United Nations was in Addis Ababa
for the AU summit on 1 July 2006, and he was also in Gambia for
another Summit in June 2006 along with Abdulahi Yusufif he is
the unnamed UN official at that meeting, it comes as no surprise.
In a civilized world, no matter what grievances
a nation may have, and however objectionable it finds the status
quo, "aggressive warfare is an illegal means for settling
those grievances or for altering those conditions". The US-UN
backed Ethiopian invasion of Somalia to prevent the Union of Islamic
Courts from expanding their influence all over Somalia is an act
of aggression, a violation of the UN Charter, the African Union
Charter and in contravention of international law.
The UN Security Council did nothing while
the Somalia arms embargo was violated, as Ethiopia invaded, and
as the U.S. bombed Somalia. The hijacked UN Security Council has
yet to call on Ethiopia to vacate from sovereign Somali territories;
it is instead working to legitimize Ethiopia's US-backed invasion
and occupation of Somalia. Ban Ki Moon, the new Secretary General
of the UN, attempting to consolidate and legitimize the US backed
Ethiopia's violation of the UN Charter and international law told
reporters on 15 January 2007:
I was simply concerned about the possibility
of an impact on civilians and the reported loss of civiliansI
was hoping that -- while I fully understand the necessity behind
this attack -- we should be cautious enough not to see this kind
of situation lead to unwanted directionsThis situation only is
a very stark reminder that we need to redouble our diplomatic
efforts to have some political process for the realization of
a peaceful resolution of this issue"
What was the necessity? To prevent an
"Islamic Government" from being established in Somalia,
which is after all an Islamic country? I hope he's not afflicted
with the "Islam phobia bug" that has debilitated Jendayi
E. Frazier's reasoning and that of her hirelings.
The new Secretary General can salvage
his reputation and that of the UN by standing up for the rule
of law and the UN Charter. He can start by calling on Meles Zenawi's
minority regime to pull its forces out Somali territories it has
invaded and occupied and also sovereign Eritrean territories,
including Badme that he is militarily occupying. He can also urge
the Security Council to shoulder its legal and moral responsibilities
by enforcing the Final and Binding decision of the Eritrea Ethiopia
Border Commission. Covering up, consolidating and legitimizing
Meles Zenawi's invasion and occupation of Somalia and Eritrea
will further undermine the UN's credibility and integrity, and
undermine the trust and confidence of its member states, in its
ability and efficacy to uphold and defend the UN Charter and international
To their credit, African leaders seem
to have declined the offer to participate in the US-Ethiopian
affair. Calling them "peacekeepers" or "stabilization
force" will not legitimize their presence in Somalia. They
are not "peacekeepers", that is a misnomer for what
they really are-babysitters for the illegitimate Transitional
National Government in Somalia installed in Mogadishu at the behest
of Washington, by the equally illegitimate, mercenary minority
regime in Ethiopia led by the deceptive dictatorial Prime Minister
Meles Zenawi. The TNG has been unable to assert its authority
in Somalia. The guns have not been silenced. Peace, stability
and security left as the Ethiopian backed TNG arrived, bringing
with them death and destruction.
At the African Union Summit, only a handful
States offered to provide "peacekeepers for Somalia".
It was not because Africans do not want to support the people
of Somalia, but rather because they do. Providing "peacekeepers"
for Somalia would be to legitimize the Ethiopian invasion and
occupation. Ethiopia said it had legitimate reasons for invading
Somalia, it also said it had "broken the backbone" of
its mystery enemies, it also claims victory. If that is the case,
why are they still occupying Somalia? The reason is crystal clear.
Ethiopia invaded Somalia on a lie and now it wants the international
community to bail it out. Since the US colluded with Ethiopia
to overthrow what was an "effective government" (UIC)
in Mogadishu and replace it with its puppet, it bears full responsibility
for the crisis.
African Patrick Mazimhaka, deputy chairman
of the African Union was the exception. Mazimhaka who had vouched
for the minority regime in Ethiopia and justified its illegal
war of aggression and invasion of Somalia in 2006, and the invasion
of Eritrea in 1998, was back again moonlighting as the minority
regime's apologist and cheerleader. Contrary to the sentiments
expressed by many African countries and their leaders, misrepresenting
the truth, and blindly supporting Meles Zenawi and the minority
regime in Ethiopia, exposing his lack of concern for the wellbeing
of African troops, told the Financial Times on 24 January 2007:
African countries do not consider it necessary
to have a place stabilised and then send in troops. You send the
troops first to create the right atmosphere [for peace]"
If there are any African leaders that
agree with Mazimhaka's assertions, let them send their own sons
first before asking us to send ours. No peacekeeping, occupation,
stabilization etc. etc. force will work in Somalia if the people
of Somalia are against it. The onus to create the right "atmosphere
for peace" rests on the invaders and the puppet regime they
Africans, irregardless of Jendayi E. Frazier's
coercion and blackmail, are morally obligated to stand beside
the Somali people and renounce aggression and violations of their
sovereign rights. Africans must uphold the rule of law and the
UN Charter, and not legitimize this invasion. Africans must speak
with one voice and condemn the hypocrisy and duplicity that define
international diplomacy today. Africans must demand better for
their countries and their peoples. Today it is Somalia, tomorrow
it will be you.
At the risk of repeating myself, the UIC
was never a threat to international peace and security, but rather,
the threat we now face is the result of the crisis in Somalia
that Meles Zenawi and Jendayi E. Frazier have created and are
advancing in the Horn of Africa.
The rule of law must prevail over the
law of jungle!