EMPIRE AND DECLINE
excerpted from the book
Crossing the Rubicon
The Decline of the American Empire
at the End of the Age of Oil
by Michael C. Ruppert
New Society Publishers, 2004,
WARGAMES AND HIGH TECH: PARALYZING THE SYSTEM To PULL OFF THE
Cheney to Oversee Domestic Counterterrorism
Efforts President announces new homeland defense initiative
President Bush May 8 directed Vice President
Dick Cheney to coordinate development of US government initiatives
to combat terrorist attacks on the United States...
White House Press Release, May 8, 2001
Therefore, I have asked Vice President
Cheney to oversee the development of a coordinated national effort
so that we may do the very best possible job of protecting our
people from catastrophic harm. I have also asked Joe Allbaugh,
the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, to create
an Office of National Preparedness. This office will be responsible
for implementing the results of those parts of the national effort
overseen by Vice President Cheney that deal with consequence management.
Specifically it will coordinate all federal programs dealing with
weapons of mass destruction consequence management within the
Departments of Defense, Health and Human Services, Justice, and
Energy, the Environmental Protection Agency, and other federal
Official Statement of President George
W. Bush, May 8, 2001 / Office of the Press Secretary, The White
... on September 11th, various agencies including NORAD, the FAA,
the Canadian Air Force, the National Reconnaissance Office, and
possibly the Pentagon were conducting as many as five wargame
drills - in some cases involving hijacked airliners; in some cases
also involving blips deliberately inserted onto FAA and military
radar screens which were present during (at least) the first attacks;
and which in some cases had pulled significant fighter resources
away from the northeast US on September 11. In addition, a close
reading of key news stories published in the spring of 2004 revealed
for the first time that some of these drills were "live-fly"
exercises where actual aircraft were simulating the behavior of
hijacked airliners in real life; all of this as the real attacks
began. The fact that these exercises had never been systematically
and thoroughly explored in the mainstream press, or publicly by
Congress, or at least publicly in any detail by the so-called
Independent 9/11 Commission made me think that they might be the
That's exactly what they turned out to
For two and a half years after 9/11 the
dominant question among skeptics of the official version was why
fighters had not been scrambled in time to prevent at least one
of the three "successful" attacks. We now know that
there was ample time, under normal circumstances, and sufficient
resources to have prevented at least two and probably all three
... the June 2001 Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction ... surfaced
on the website of the Defense Department's Defense Technical Information
Center. That demonstrated a willful intent to centralize decision-making
authority away from field commanders prior to the attacks. As
it turns out, the change in procedure had already been indirectly
confirmed in a June 3, 2002, story in Aviation Week and Space
Technology, and almost everyone missed it. That story quoted the
order without disclosing that it had been put in place just ten
weeks before 9/11. The wording was a near verbatim quote of the
Joint Chief's Instruction. One exception in that order (Reference
D) did leave some decision making in the hands of field commanders
in certain exigent circumstances, but the thrust was a radical
shift away from long-standing NORAD policy.
Further research into this change would
disclose more evidence showing that, just a month before that,
all counter-terror response planning and organization (with a
focus on weapons of mass destruction) had been placed under the
control of Dick Cheney.
Then there were the exercises themselves.
Vigilant Guardian was named or referred
to in several news stories including AviationWeek, Newhouse News
Service, and on two official web sites. The official websites
indicated and this was later confirmed to me in my own queries
with NORAD - that details of Vigilant Guardian were classified
and not available for release. A Vigilant Guardian exercise focusing
on cold war-era threats was, according to an official site, conducted
by NORAD once a year. But a close look at what NORAD told the
press described a Vigilant Guardian that was vastly different
from an exercise preparing for a Russian attack. In their post-9/1
1 statements, NORAD officials described details of Vigilant Guardian
that seemed to be describing something else altogether.
Aviation Week reported, "Senior officers
involved in Vigilant Guardian were manning NORAD command centers
throughout the US and Canada, available to make immediate decisions."
This confirmed the geographic scope of the exercise. Vigilant
Guardian was played up in the press as though it had facilitated
a quicker response. It did anything but that.
That Vigilant Guardian had a direct impact
on the Northeast Air Defense Sector in which all four hijackings
occurred was confirmed in a December 2003 original story by NJ.com,
a New Jersey-based service also summarizing all major stories
published by New Jersey press outlets.
NORAD also has confirmed it was running
two mock drills on September 11 at various radar sites and command
centers in the United States and Canada, including air force bases
in upstate New York, Florida, Washington, and Alaska. One drill,
Operation Vigilant Guardian, began a week before September 11
and reflected a cold war mind-set: Participants practiced for
an attack across the North Pole by Russian forces.
The story never named the second drill,
and the assertion that it was strictly a cold war-type exercise
is belied by direct statements of many of the principals involved
that day. The NJ.com story also raised another chilling issue.
Investigators at the September 11 commission
confirm they are investigating whether NORAD's attention was drawn
in one direction toward the North Pole - while the hijackings
came from an entirely different direction.'
Northern Vigilance was an exercise being conducted on September
11th as\ reported only by Canada's Toronto Star in a story dated
December 9, 2001. The story had a great deal to say about how
Northern Vigilance, planned months in
advance, involves deploying fighter jets to locations in Alaska
and northern Canada. Part of the exercise is pure simulation,
but part is real world. NORAD is keeping a close eye on the Russians,
who have dispatched long-range bombers to their own high north
on a similar exercise ....
The Federal Aviation Administration has
evidence of a hijacking and is asking for NORAD support. This
is not part of the exercise.
In a flash, Operation Northern Vigilance
is called off. Any simulated information, what's known as an "inject"
is purged from the screens...
"Lots of other reports were starting
to come in," [Major General Rick] Findley [Director of NORAD
operations] recalls. 'And now you're not too sure. If they're
that clever to co-ordinate that kind of attack, what else is taking
place across North America?"...
It certainly appeared that someone in authority had deliberately
interfered with FAA/NORAD operations on September 11th to make
sure that some of the attacks succeeded. Richard Clarke's book,
previously edited by the White House, had FAA administrator Garvey
referring to as many as 11 off-course/out-of-contact aircraft.
Was she saying that she couldn't tell the wargame inserts from
the real thing?
It would take only a day or two more to
find damning evidence that this is probably what she meant. The
fact that the CIA had been running a plane-into-building exercise
simultaneously with all the military exercises made me very suspicious.
The first question that leapt at me was, with all these related
exercises running at the same time, who or what was coordinating
them? Someone at DoD had to have a regular job of knowing all
the exercises being carried out everywhere to avoid SNAFUs. That
question and others would require interviews.
On April 18 USA Today spilled some of the beans. Headlined, "NORAD
had drills of jets as weapons" it offered never-before reported
details of 9/11.
WASHINGTON - In the two years before
the Sept 11 attacks, the North American Aerospace Command conducted
exercises simulating what the White House says was unimaginable
at the time: hijacked airliners used as weapons to crash into
targets and cause mass casualties.
One of the imagined targets was The World
Trade Center. In another exercise, jets performed a mock shootdown
over the Atlantic Ocean of a jet supposedly laden with chemical
poisons headed toward a target in the United States. In a third
scenario, the target was the Pentagon ...
... April 19, CNN ... The headline read, "NORAD exercise
had jet crashing into building."
WASHINGTON (CNN) - Sometime between 1991
and 2001, a regional sector of the North American Aerospace Defense
Command simulated a foreign hijacked airliner crashing into a
building in the United States as part of a training exercise scenario,
a NORAD spokesman said Monday ....
Military officials said the exercise
involved simulating a crash into a building that would be recognizable
if identified, but was not the World Trade Center or the Pentagon.
The identity of the building named in
the exercise is classified ....
This sector exercise involved some flying
of military aircraft as well as a command post exercise in which
communications procedures were practiced in an office environment
NORAD has the ongoing mission of defense
of US air space ....
According to a statement from NORAD,
"Before September 11th, 01, NORAD regularly conducted a variety
of exercises that included hijack scenarios. These exercises tested
track detection and identification; scramble and interception;
hijack procedures ....
NORAD's own statement confirmed that real
military and civilian aircraft had posed as hijacked airliners.
Fighter pilots can't intercept thin air. They can't fly above
and slightly to the left of thin air and rock their wings and
wait for a response. They can't practice dodging sudden, unexpected
movements, maneuver or lock missiles unless there's a real airplane
to do it with.
The NORAD statement was quoted further
in the story:
NORAD did not plan and execute these
types of exercises because we thought the scenarios were probable.
These exercises were artificial simulations that provided us the
opportunity to test and validate our process and rules of engagement
with the appropriate coordination between NORAD's command headquarters,
its subordinate regions and sectors and National Command authorities
in Canada and the United States.
Any assertion that the White House didn't
know of such drills was pure bullshit.
The National Command Authority is the
White House. It starts with the president and descends through
the vice president (in the president's absence as was the case
on 9/11), to the secretary of defense. Such exercises, when played
in real life, usually involve White House staff standing in for
the president. But since they are carried out using either the
Presidential Emergency Operations Center or the Situation Room,
how could the president, vice president, and national security
advisor not know about drills that, of necessity, had taken place
inside the White House?
Note the fact that one particular hijacked
airliner drill, conducted most likely between July 2001 and September
2001, had the hijacked plane crashing into a building. September
11th was the best possible "drill" of all; the real
thing. Was the same exercise that had been rejected in April then
carried out as an actual event on September 11th? Was the intended
game target the World Trade Center? The Pentagon? ...
activist and researcher John Judge
"It's OK if you call me a conspiracy
theorist just as long as you call yourself a coincidence theorist."
Most Americans think of FEMA as a nice,
benevolent agency that comes to help out when there is an earthquake,
fire, or flood. It is much, much more than that.
FEMA is an enormously powerful federal
agency tasked with, among other things, ensuring the Continuity
of Government (COG) in the event of a crisis or "neutralization"
of key governmental leaders or institutions. It also maintains
dozens of secret governmental command centers, like Pennsylvania's
"Site R" to which Dick Cheney was whisked right after
9/11 and where he spent much of his time in the months following
9/11. Collectively, the Continuity of Government operations under
FEMA command have come to be known as the "shadow government."
In a declared major emergency, arising from events even more devastating
than 9/11, FEMA's authority divides the US into ten regions under
FEMA control, which then operate semi-autonomously with the full
cooperation of the military.
Long a hot topic among many researchers
concerned with a "New World Order," FEMAs evolution
is the product of three-decades of legislation, executive orders,
and Presidential Decision Directives (PDD's). The powers granted
to FEMA are astonishing in their breadth and magnitude, and can
even include seizure of private vehicles, forced civilian labor
on government projects, and appropriation of food and fresh water
Contrary to spin issued by government
and media that FEMA is a favored theme only of right-wing extremists,
FEMA and its supra-constitutional authority have been of intense
interest to investigators from all over the political spectrum
in America for many years. Since 1995 I have read more than a
dozen of these executive orders and PDDs and concluded that, in
the event that all the stops were pulled and a full emergency
declared, only God would have more power.
On July 13, 2004, after it was disclosed
that the White House, Homeland Security, and the Department of
justice were investigating procedures for delaying, postponing,
or canceling the 2004 presidential election (in the event of a
terror attack), Professor Michel Chossudovsky of the University
of Ottawa produced a detailed record establishing that the authorities
necessary to cancel elections, place the country under martial
law and suspend the Constitution were already in place. In spite
of spin suggesting that the administration was exploring what
needed to be done "in case," the fact was that nothing
needed to be done at all. What Secretary Ridge and the White House
were doing was only theater. The elections could be cancelled
at will, possibly even on the mere "threat" of a terror
attack. All it would take would be to raise the threat level to
Interestingly, Code Red indicates only
a "severe risk of imminent terror attacks." If the elections
were postponed under a Code Red, then a mere threat of a terrorist
incident would suffice. The threat level is set by the White House
through the Department of Homeland Security.
According to Chossudovsky, the steps necessary
to suspend and/or nullify the Posse Comitatus Act, which prevents
the military from engaging in domestic law enforcement, had been
completed over 30 years.
... the possibility of an impending attack
on America by this "outside enemy" has been accepted
by the American public; this tacit acceptance has set the stage
for the adoption of "the highest threat level": Code
What the US public is not aware of is
that a Code Red alert suspends civilian government; it triggers
a whole series of emergency procedures. It is tantamount to a
A Code Red alert, according to the Federal
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), would create conditions for
the ("temporary" we are told) suspension of the normal
functions of civilian government, implying the cancellation or
postponement of federal and state elections.
According to FEMA, Code Red would:
Increase or redirect personnel to address
critical emergency needs; Assign emergency response personnel
and pre-position and mobilize specially trained teams or resources;
Monitor, redirect, or constrain transportation systems; and Close
public and government facilities not critical for continuity of
essential operations, especially public safety,
Truthout columnist William Rivers Pitt agreed substantially with
Chossudovsky in a column published one day later:
FEMA was created by Executive Order during
the Nixon administration, and became unbelievably powerful during
the Reagan years. Ostensibly, FEMA was created to ensure the continuation
of government after a nuclear strike. Subsequent Executive Orders
over the last thirty years give FEMA, with a Presidential declaration
of a national state of emergency, absolute power over all modes
of transportation including personal cars, trucks or vehicles
of any kind, total control of highways, seaports, airports, aircraft,
the national media, all electrical power, gas, petroleum, fuels
and minerals, along with all food resources and farms.
In a time of crisis, FEMA would also
have absolute power over all health, education and welfare functions,
and can develop plans to establish control over the mechanisms
of production and distribution, wages, salaries, credit and the
flow of money in US financial institutions in any undefined national
Executive Order 11051 gives FEMA the authority
to execute all Executive Orders granting the above-described powers
in the event of a crisis. Executive Order 11310 requires the Justice
Department to enforce any and all powers granted to FEMA in a
crisis. Executive Order 11921 declares that when a state of emergency
is declared by the President, Congress cannot review the action
for six months.
There are some fifteen Executive Orders
which outline the powers of FEMA, should the President set them
in motion after a disaster or an attack. Several of them are nebulous
enough to encompass the decision to cancel a national election.
Whether the legislatures per Title 3 of the US Code, are allowed
to participate in any subsequent election preparations will certainly
depend on whether the federal government wants to cut them in
on the action.
Enacting any or all of these Executive
Orders would essentially remove the Constitution and the Bill
of Rights from the table.
There are a thousand other questions
in the mix. 'What constitutes a state of emergency? What kind
of attack would precipitate such a decision? If it is a truck
bombing against a building, does that rise to the threshold? Why
would an attack in Boston require the balloting in West Virginia
or Idaho to be ceased [sic]? Is the threat of an attack enough
to precipitate a cancellation?
EMPIRE AND DECLINE
Former Georgia Senator Max Cleland, a triple-amputee from Vietnam,
was defeated for reelection in 2004
Max Cleland - in a 2003 interview with
So it's not some sort of pay back?
... after watching History Channel shows
on the Warren Commission last night, the Warren Commission blew
it. I'm not going to be part of that. I'm not going to be part
of looking at information only partially. I'm not going to be
part of just coming to quick conclusions. I'm not going to be
part of political pressure to do this or not do that. I'm not
going to be part of that. This is serious.
You say you think it should be a national
It is a national scandal. Here's the
deal. The administration made a connection on September 11, and
you can read Bob Woodward's book [Bush at War]. He's a private
citizen. He got access to documents we don't have yet! Just think
about that. He's a great reporter and a good guy. Bless his heart.
But he got documents over two years ago, handwritten notes from
Rumsfeld tying the terrorism attack into Iraq. This administration
had a point of view the day that happened. If you look at 9/11
separately you realize it had nothing to do with Saddam Hussein.
Except [vice president Dick] Cheney and [Deputy Secretary of Defense
Paul] Wolfowitz put a plan together in '92 to try to convince
[President] Bush One to invade Iraq, but here's what Bush One
said about it, in his book A World Transformed, which I think
is devastating: "1 firmly believed that we should not march
into Baghdad. To occupy Iraq would instantly shatter our coalition,
turning the whole Arab world against us and make a broken tyrant
into a latter day Arab hero. Assigning young soldiers to a fruitless
hunt for a secretly entrenched dictator and condemning them to
fight what would be an unwinnable urban guerilla war."
Now, this administration bought the Cheney-Wolfowitz
plan from '92 hook line and sinker. It was all about using 9/11
as an excuse to go, into Baghdad, not as a reason.
Cleland resigned from the Kean Commission
in November 2003. There was little doubt as to why Cleland left
the panel. He had been making too much noise. Whether Max Cleland
fully understood what he had been involved in, or whether he fully
acknowledged it to himself, remains a mystery. There is no doubt
that he had been making big waves.
Scamming America: The Official Guide to
the 9/11 Cover-up is a booklet of documents from the activist
group NY911Truth; the booklet got its name from a remark made
by Cleland after his resignation, when he said, "Bush is
scamming America." Here is an excerpt:
Cleland attacked his own commission after
the other members cut a deal to accept highly limited access to
CIA reports to the White House that may indicate advance knowledge
of the attacks on the part of the Bush administration. "This
is a scam," Cleland said. "It's disgusting. America
is being cheated."
As each day goes by, Cleland said, we
learn that this government knew a whole lot more these terrorists
before September 11 than it has ever admitted... They had a plan
to go to war and when 9/11 happened that's what they did; they
went to war."
"WE DON'T NEED NO BADGES"
The plans for the invasion of Afghanistan,
the invasion of Iraq, the worldwide deployment of US military
forces to control oil reserves, the Patriot Act, Homeland Security,
and legislation that sets the stage for biological warfare and
complete domestic repression were all in place well before the
first plane hit the World Trade Center.'
On the day of the attacks themselves,
according to University of Illinois Professor of International
Law Francis Boyle, two US aircraft carrier battle groups were
conveniently "rotating" duty stations off the Pakistani
coast. The British had the largest armada since the Falkland Islands
war loaded and ready to meet 23,000 British troops already positioned
across a short stretch of ocean in Oman, and the US also conveniently
had 17,000 troops positioned in Egypt for a joint military exercise
called Operation Bright Star.
Two days before 9/11, President Bush was
delivered a 27-page top secret document containing a complete
battle plan for the invasion of Afghanistan. Other stories soon
revealed that the plan had been many months in the making. And
as a footnote, the document called for the Pentagon to begin immediate
planning options for an invasion of Iraq. With 11 percent of the
world's oil, Iraq had been in the crosshairs for a long time.
Journalist Jennifer Van Bergen, writing
for Truthout (<www.truthout.org>), described in detail how
most of the provisions of the Patriot Act had been prepared long
before the attacks. She traced many of them back to the 1996 anti-terror
legislation enacted after the Oklahoma City bombing. She described
how principled lawmakers such as john Conyers of Michigan stood
in the breach, even then, to question unconstitutional provisions
that were later passed almost without a thought after 9/11/01.
Conyers remains one of the last, fearless, clear-headed champions
of liberty on Capitol Hill.
Homeland Security can trace its roots
backwards to the Hart-Rudman US Commission on National Security
(which began its work in 1997 and recommended a cabinet level
anti-terrorism department in January of 2001 ...
The foundations of the National Security Strategy of the United
States, released by Bush on September 17, 2002, have an equally
obvious lineage. Most notable among these, in my opinion, was
a 1998 Harvard University study, Catastrophic Terrorism: Elements
of a National Policy, the Foreword of which begins with the concept
of "Preventive Defense." The report was authored by
Ashton Carter, Phillip D. Zelikow, and former CIA Director John
Deutch. Zelikow briefed the incoming Bush administration on al
Qaeda threats and has co-authored a book with Condoleezza Rice.
These massive conflicts of interest, and his refusal to acknowledge
them, have earned him the scorn of many families of 9/11 victims
for having assumed the role of executive director of the so-called
9/11 Independent Commission. Additional uproar arose when it was
disclosed that he even gave evidence in closed session to the
commission he was directing.
These policies and their legal embodiments
share a remarkable characteristic the preponderance of members
of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Trilateral Commission,
and the Bilderberger Group on the advisory panels and staffs of
every commission and every panel that produced them. By my rough
calculations, more than 80 percent of the people who first articulated
these doctrines and plans belong to one or more of these groups.
And behind all of that is the undeniable presence of the corporate,
financial, and oil interests supporting globalization and the
World Trade Organization. This is the sort of observation that
draws the contempt of official (i.e., corporate) media consumers,
who tend to regard the group affiliations of policymakers as somehow
off-limits to rational analysis. But it turns out that these officials
are indeed members of these non-governmental elite groups, and
that these groups have stated ideals and historical behavior patterns
which are perfectly consistent with the concerns raised here ...
Since we now know that the US government
and its intelligence agencies were in possession of enough intelligence
to have prevented the attacks of September 11 - and this truth
has even been admitted, if obliquely, by the findings of at least
one Congressional committee - then what is the justification for
the Patriot Act, a law that raped the Constitution, and the subsequent
creation of a $40 billion Department of Homeland Security in the
largest reorganization of the federal government in 50 years?
The claim that these travesties are needed to gather enough knowledge
to prevent future terrorist attacks is, clearly, absurd. The system
wasn't broken. So why fix it? Just who or what is the enemy?'°
Perhaps the most offensive post-9/1 1
statement made by an administration official - even surpassing
the outright lie that no one in the administration knew that airplanes
could be used as weapons - was made by National Security Advisor
Condoleezza Rice in summer 2002, when she asked a news commentator
if it was necessary that the US government have more than 30 percent
foreknowledge of a pending attack before taking action to prevent
it. The US government had complete foreknowledge of 9/11 and did
nothing! In fact, it actively shielded the hijackers from arrest
before their crimes occurred, and then stood back and facilitated
the attacks as an accomplice. Had the US government not opened
the door and then prevented dedicated law enforcement personnel
from closing it, the attacks would never have occurred.
Herein lies the true nature of the world
since 9/11 ... The Empire no longer cares about how it is viewed,
whether its actions are legal or not, or whether the world might
rise up in political, military, or economic opposition to it.
It no longer cares whether the American people rise up and take
to the streets by the millions. It doesn't care whether civil
disobedience or even a real revolution begins at home. It arrogantly
believes it has prepared for every contingency. Among its most
elastic mandates for procedural omnipotence is George W. Bush's
National Security Strategy of the United States. '1 That document
enshrines two shocking defacto powers of the Empire: to launch,
without provocation, pre-emptive strikes anywhere it wishes and
against any nation that might someday be a threat; and to create
artificial terrorist activity where it wishes to deploy troops,
with an avowed policy of lying to the world through unprecedented
manipulation of the corporate media with which it colludes. The
Empire has thus defined the scope of conflict at the end of the
age of oil: a no-holds-barred, no-rules, and no-quarter race for
One of the greatest military commanders
of all time, Genghis Khan, fully understood terror as a weapon
of war. As he set out to conquer the known world and as his armies
raced westward across Asia, he would often send scouts ahead to
infiltrate and study the culture of his next target. 'When ready
to attack he would then dress up a few of his select warriors
in the clothing of the targeted people. He would bloody a few,
wound them, and send them well ahead of his armies. His warriors
hysterically warned the target audience of the power and might
of the great tyrant, described the millions of fierce and invincible
troops, and implored the hapless victims to flee for their lives
or surrender and ask for mercy. It worked.
By completing a decades-long subjugation
of congress to financial interests, the administration has put
into place the requisite structures for control of the Empire
at home including the control of all law enforcement agencies
in an emergency.
I also believe that Senator Paul Wellstone
was murdered just before the November 2002 elections (through
the mid-flight disablement of his aircraft, possibly with an electromagnetic
pulse weapon), as the coup de grace in this final destruction
of Constitutional government. Following the Patriot Act's statutory
removal of constitutional protections, there will soon be few
lower court judges in place to question the Emperor's decisions,
and the few brave members remaining in Congress to ask the necessary
questions, such as Congressmen Ron Paul of Texas, Dennis Kucinich,
and John Conyers, will have been rendered little more than ornamental
window-dressing for the propaganda machine's sales pitch that
debate is still alive.
Congress was not allowed even to read
the Patriot Act or the Homeland Security bills before being compelled
to vote on them. Congressman Ron Paul of Texas confirmed this
in an interview for my video "The Truth and Lies of 9/11,"
produced after I lectured at Portland State University in November
of 2001. This was not the first time this has happened. It happened
also with the huge anti-crime legislation enacted in 1994. Other
members of Congress with whom I spoke in 2001 expressed the same
This mindset of the Empire reminds me
of the classic line from the 1948 movie The Treasure of Sierra
Madre, in which Humphrey Bogart confronts disheveled bandits who
claim to be policemen. When Bogart asks to see their badges, their
leader replies, "Badges? We ain't got no badges! We don't
need no badges. I don't have to show you any stinkin' badges!"
Perhaps Bush had been watching that film
when he proffered to the American people his remarkable new doctrine
of presidential responsibility: "I do not need to explain
why I say things. That's the interesting thing about being the
president. Maybe somebody needs to explain to me why they say
something, but I don't feel like I owe anybody an explanation."
This attitude was perfectly mirrored by
America's reaction to the partially successful global campaign
against the Iraqi invasion of March 2003. Regardless of the costs
and regardless of international law, UN pressure, public opinion,
or the inevitably disastrous consequences, the Bush administration
proceeded, and the bloody toll is still being paid today even
as the financial and environmental costs will remain to be paid
by future generations.
On January 10, 2003, Richard Perle, then
Chairman of the Defense Department's Policy Board, told the world
that no matter what the UN or other nations in the world did or
said, the United States was going to attack Iraq when it was ready.
Nothing would prevent it. Donald Rumsfeld later added that the
Department of Defense didn't have to show the world evidence it
had that Iraq possessed weapons of mass destruction.
As if things weren't frightening enough,
it was briefly announced in June 2002 that Israel and the United
States were in discussions to establish a joint anti-terrorism
office in which Israel would assist the United States in monitoring
all global instant communications and linking its security network
to the Department of Homeland Security. One observer called the
move an "Israelization" of American politics.
Following this development, UPI terrorism
correspondent Richard Sale disclosed in January 2003 that that
Israel's Mossad would be engaging in a more proactive anti-terror
policy which would include targeted killings and assassinations
inside the United States. Although the Israeli embassy denied
the report, Sale secured a number of confirmations from Israeli
military and intelligence sources and oblique confirmations from
official US sources. Sale's story also described a massive expansion
of Mossad fueled by a sizeable budget increase.
Meaningful solidarity with the good people
of Israel and the United States is impossible without a vigorous
condemnation of the evil committed in their names. A consortium
of interests including banking, narco-traffic, arms, and key multinational
corporations has reached a new level of aggression. While Israel
and the US behave with an ever more open and frank contempt for
international law and for human life, it would be a mistake to
attribute the actions of their elites to nationalism. No, the
players in the great game - whose moves include 9/11, the Iraq
war, and the approaching global storm - are not motivated by any
loyalty to country, nor to ethnicity, nor religion, family, firm,
alliance, or friendship. It's just money, and the meaning of money:
"We're likely to experience more restrictions on our personal
freedom than has ever been the case in our country"
US Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor,
September 30, 2001
Some of the fundamental changes to Americans'
legal rights by the Bush Administration and the USA Patriot Act
following the terror attacks:
o FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION. The government
may monitor religious and political institutions without suspecting
criminal activity to assist in terror investigation.
o FREEDOM OF INFORMATIONGovernment has
closed once-public immigration hearings, has secretly detained
hundreds ofpeople without charges, and has encouraged bureaucrats
to resist public records requests.
o FREEDOM OF SPEECH: Government may prosecute
librarians or keepers of any other records f they tell anyone
that the government subpoenaed information related to a terrorism
o RIGHT TO LEGAL REPRESENTATION. Government
may monitor federal prison jailho use conversations between attorneys
and clients, and deny lawyers to Americans accused of crimes.
o FREEDOM FROM UNREASONABLE SEARCHES.
Government may search and seize Americans' papers and effects
without probable cause to assist terror investigation.
o RIGHT TO A SPEEDY AND PUBLIC TRIAL:
Government may jail Americans indefinitely without a trial.
o RIGHT TO LIBERTY Americans may be jailed
without being charged or being able to confront witnesses against
This war, should it come, is intended to mark the official emergence
of the United States as a fill-fledged global empire, seizing
the sole responsibility and authority as a planetary policeman.
It would be the culmination of a plan 10 years or more in the
making, carried out by those who believe the United States must
seize the opportunity for global domination, even if it means
becoming the American imperialists' that our enemies have always
claimed we were.
Once that is understood, other mysteries
solve themselves. For example, why does the administration seem
unconcerned about an exit strategy once Saddam is toppled?
Because we won't be leaving...
Jay Bookman, Atlanta Journal Constitution,
September 29, 2002
A World Socialist Website story reporting these confirmed details
went on to state:
With UK North Sea oil production in decline,
British policy makers have been sounding alarm bells as to future
supplies. Analysts estimate that the UK could be totally dependent
on imports for its energy requirements within 50 years. The problem
is not confined to the UK alone it is anticipated that more than
92 percent of Europe's oil, and 81 percent of its gas, will have
to be imported from overseas within 30 years ....
The country, or countries, able to establish
control over this vital resource will secure a major advantage
over their international rivals. This is a prime factor motivating
US policy in the Middle East. By occupying Iraq and seizing its
oil resources, the US hopes to establish its undisputed hegemony
as against Europe and Japan ....
The Blair government has similarly resolved
that the issue of oil supplies must be settled by force of arms.
In 1998 it commissioned a Future Strategic Context for Defence
review, aimed at identifying the main challenges facing Britain
over the next decades and targeting military resources accordingly.
The official British report also stated that offshore energy resources
"are likely to become a growing source of international dispute
and potential conflict.",
Bush Advisers Planned Iraq War Since 1990s
by Joe Taglieri, FTW Staff
Oct. 1, 2002, 17:00 PDT (FTW) -The George
W Bush administration's intentions of removing Saddam Hussein
from power are not a recent development by any stretch of the
imagination. Top White House officials affiliated with conservative
think tanks and past administrations have been developing strategies
for removing the Iraqi leader since the 1990s.
One such think tank, the Project for the
New American Century (PNAC), published a report in September 2000
recommending policies for preserving and expanding US dominance
in world affairs, including an aggressive policy for deposing
Saddam Hussein. Members of this group include Vice President Dick
Cheney, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, convicted Iran-Contra
perjurer and current National Security Council (NSC) staffer Elliot
Abrams, Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz, and I. Lewis
Libby, Cheney's Chief of Staff and Assistant for National Security
Referring to the Persian Gulf region the
report states, 'Indeed, the United States has for decades sought
to play a more permanent role in Gulf regional security. While
the unresolved conflict with Iraq provides the immediate justification,
the need for a substantial American force presence in the Gulf
transcends the issue of the regime of Saddam Hussein.'
The order of battle after 9/11
Canada - NORTHCOM
Canada had been subjugated long before
9/11. It only became visible to many Canadians after that...
On October 1, 2002, the military forces
of Mexico, Canada, and the Continental US (CONUS) were placed
under a joint military command called Northern Command or NORTHCOM.
NORTHCOM is headed by American four-star general Ralph Eberhart,
who is also the commander of NORAD that coordinated all US fighter
response on 9/11. It makes sense. Canada is currently the single
largest foreign supplier of both oil and natural gas to the US,
and Mexico is ranked Lat number four.
... Canada has virtually no future petroleum
significance for the US. Its much-vaunted tar sands projects in
Alberta have proven to be both an ecological and an economic nightmare
requiring heavy cash investments; they require huge amounts of
natural gas to produce the steam required to separate the oil,
and they destroy vast expanses of pristine land with strip mining
and highly toxic waste products. There will be no salvation for
either Canada or the US in the form of Canadian oil. In fact,
one recent analysis dubbed Canadian tar sands as an actual threat
to US energy security."
What Canada has that the US must have
is natural gas. And under NAFTA and WTO agreements Canada must
make its natural gas available to US markets on a "L to basis.
As Canada's gas supplies run out, American demand continues to
Central Asia and the Caspian
By occupying Afghanistan and resurrecting
the opium trade, the Empire accomplished several major tasks.
First it protected cash flows to its teetering financial markets.
Through first-ever deployments in Uzbekistan, Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan,
Jordan, Georgia, later followed by major deployments to Qatar
and Oman, it
quickly surrounded the Middle East. With
increased deployments in Turkey, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait,
it presented the world with a fait accompli for the next step
of its plan. And even though Caspian oil proved to be a bust,
the final agreement between Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Turkmenistan
to begin construction of the trans-Afghan gas pipeline to supply
India was signed on December 27, 2002.' Time will tell if Afghanistan
will ever be pacified enough to see that job finished. Transfer
of military operations from US to NATO command on August 11, 2003,
may prove an important step in that direction.
The basic plan was to capture 11 percent
of the world's oil and put it in a bank while Halliburton, DynCorp,
and a dozen other corporations get billions of US taxpayer dollars
to rebuild the infrastructure for a time when the US will be able
to use it, parcel it out to starving allies, or simply withhold
it from foes.
As we have already seen, Cheney's Halliburton
emerged as the hungry Alpha Dog in Iraq to the point where competitors
like Bechtel had to complain publicly of an unfair playing field.
This not surprising, since the US Army Corps of Engineers under
the control of Donald Rumsfeld has awarded up to $7 billion in
no-bid, sole-source contracts to Halliburton. Other favored companies
like DynCorp have also received no-bid contracts. Many were surprised
at the openness of the corruption when it was announced that Halliburton
would also have control over the pumping and distribution of Iraqi
Saudi Arabia and Iran
While some experts like Michel Chossudovsky
disagree with me about the order in which they will be targeted,
there is no doubt that these two countries are on the list. I
agree with former UN weapons inspector Scott Ritter and Professor
Peter Dale Scott that Saudi Arabia will be first. That is primarily
because it has the largest reserves; it is the most unstable;
and it already has a sizeable American corporate presence.
Iran, with the fifth-largest oil reserves,
has a fairly stable government, and will remain surrounded and
cut off. It's not going anywhere. Besides, it has already passed
its peak of production while Saudi Arabia, with all its instability,
appears to be just arriving at peak now. The priority on Saudi
Arabia is also a political one, since the power of OPEC can only
be broken by direct American control over the Kingdom.
... West Africa moved to center stage immediately after the occupation
of Iraq. I reaffirmed these predictions with my readers in the
spring of 2003.
Before discussing developments in equatorial
Africa it is essential to understand the oil picture there. There
are no oil reserves anywhere which rival those of Saudi Arabia
with approximately 250 billion barrels (Gb), or Iraq which has
approximately 112 Gb. Current world consumption is approximately
1 Gb every eleven days and demand is increasing rapidly. The two
critical factors are the accessibility of oil (both geologically
and geographically) and how long it takes to get it to market.
It takes about six weeks for oil from the Persian Gulf to reach
an American gas tank yet it takes only about two weeks for oil
from West Africa to make the same journey. Equally important,
oil installations in West Africa are in direct and immediate reach
of US naval forces from the Atlantic Ocean. There are no political
or international coalitions which need to be massaged if intervention
Nigeria, the world's sixth-largest oil
producer, passed its peak of production in 1979 and has estimated
reserves of approximately 24 Gb. What makes Nigeria critical is
the fact that it can function, with minimal investment, as a so-called
"swing" producer. In the event of oil shortages there
are wells, pipelines, and refineries already in place and easily
accessible which could accommodate a short-term increase in production
to control prices or offset shortages. Shell, ChevronTexaco, and
TotalFinaElf have heavy investments in the country and until recently,
maintained sizeable workforces there.
Recently the US has been exerting tremendous
pressure on Nigeria to withdraw from OPEC and its strict production
quotas by dangling the prospect of Imperially-funded prosperity
in front of it. The appeal of African oil has drawn serious US
government attention, even to the point of it sponsoring a January,
2002, Washington conference titled, "African Oil - A Priority
for US National Security and African Development." This was
reported in Petroleum Supply Monthly in December of 2002 and on
the World Socialist Web Site in August of the same year.
Aside from Nigeria, the five biggest oil
producers in Africa - in descending order are Algeria, Libya,
Egypt, and Angola. Angola alone is the ninth largest oil supplier
to the US. The US currently imports more oil from these six countries
than it does from Saudi Arabia. Recent projections by the US National
Intelligence Council as reported in Petroleum Supply Monthly estimate
that the proportion of US oil 25 percent by 2015.
In December 2002, Stratfor declared that Africa's next "World
War" would occur in the Central African Republic, which had
seen major rebel uprisings. In May of 2003 the CIA-connected Voice
of America reported that NATO would be shifting its focus to West
Africa. On May 17, 2003, four large bomb blasts killed 20 people
in the Moroccan capital of Casablanca. The blasts were quickly
connected to al Qaeda. Throughout 2003 rebel uprisings in Nigeria
saw oil platforms shut down, Western oil workers held hostage,
pipelines sabotaged, and the sale of six US Navy ships to the
Nigerian Navy. In mid-July Chad began pumping oil from a small
(900 Mb) reserve westward to the African coast through Cameroon.
On July 16th, coups d'etat toppled the governments of the tiny
West African island nations of Sao Tome and Principe.
Colombia and Peru
.. Colombia's possession of oil - and
its unique role in the drug trade, supplying almost all of the
world's cocaine and 60 percent of the heroin entering the US -
was making it a cauldron of poisonous regional conflict. The dynamics
in Colombia included a massive US military aid program, the presence
of large numbers of official and unofficial US military advisors,
mercenary armies, and widespread "privatized" air operations.
The similarities to the Vietnam War were hard to miss.
Colombia has been ravaged by an internal
conflict for more than 40 years. Currently two rebel groups, The
Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the National
Liberation Army (ELN), control more than a third of the southern
part of the country in a semi-autonomous region and have widespread
support groups reaching into the urban areas. Both the FARC and
the ELN derive most of their income from "taxing" the
coca and opium trade in their regions, and they are very well
equipped. However they have never shown the slightest interest
in politics outside of their country and thus don't fall within
the generally accepted definition of terrorist organizations.
Neither has launched attacks outside of Colombia, but both have
attacked and bombed pipelines owned by US and multinational oil
companies inside the country and have engaged in kidnappings of
foreign oil executives.
Colombia is important because, according
to the US Energy Information Administration (EIA), it is the eighth-largest
supplier of petroleum products to the United States. In addition
there are significant untapped oil deposits estimated to be in
the 3-8 Gb range located in territories occupied by the rebels.
The rights to these deposits have been purchased by major oil
companies, including Occidental Petroleum.
Venezuela and a coup in Haiti
Venezuela is unique among all the countries
where the Empire will fight. It's America's third - or fourth-largest
oil supplier (depending upon monthly production figures through
September of 2003), and while a drop of Persian Gulf oil takes
about six weeks to reach an American gas tank, Venezuelan oil
gets here in about four days.
Venezuela is a founding member of OPEC.
Worse yet, it is an undeniably democratic nation. Its president
Hugo Chavez has won seven elections in five years. That's seven
more than George W. Bush has. However Chavez is a charismatic
non-aligned leader in Latin America who has open relations with
Fidel Castro, North Korea, Iran, and a host of countries the US
doesn't like. Prior to 9/11, seeing that US intervention in neighboring
Colombia was imminent, President Chavez made it clear that he
would not allow US military planes to overfly his country en route
to a battle zone. This prompted US military base expansions in
Ecuador and the quiet establishment of covert paramilitary and
CIA operations in Peru.
The Empire cannot live without Venezuela's
oil, and it cannot live with Hugo Chavez. The catch is that, in
spite of the Empire's twisted propaganda to paint him as unpopular,
he not only survives but he triumphs over every move the Empire
makes against him. He made a mockery of what the US government
called a 2002 oil-field strike against his "poor" leadership
and exposed it for what it was, a well-financed protest by the
richest pro-American factions in the country who were outraged
that the Chavez government had aggressively protected the oil
revenue share retained by his country.
The American intention was to create chaos
and economic upheaval that would cause a popular revolt. Throughout
2002 and 2003 abundant evidence surfaced showing that the strings
for the strike and an April 2002 short-lived, abortive coup were
pulled directly by US intelligence agencies.
At the end of 2002 Press Secretary An
Fleischer called for a Venezuelan referendum on Chavez even though
no election was required by the Venezuelan constitution. After
being reminded of the Venezuelan law and receiving a slap on the
wrist from the Organization of American States on December 17,
2002, Fleischer backtracked and licked his wounds.
Venezuela is in a position to bring down
the Empire as the effects of Peak Oil become apparent. Remember
that the key is not just who has oil but who can produce it quickly.
These are different things. Only where there are wells, refineries,
pipelines, ports, tankers, and existing infrastructure can oil
production be rapidly increased - or suddenly diminished. And
if even 15 percent of the Empire's oil supply goes away, it must
be immediately replaced with 15 percent from someplace or else
prices will skyrocket and markets will collapse.
By January of 2003 US oil stocks had evaporated
to 27-year lows. This meant that, aside from the Strategic Petroleum
Reserve intended for use in war or major economic crises, the
US was running on empty. Reports quietly circulating through the
oil industry were warning that supplies might soon be interrupted
and prices might soar to historic new highs. The Venezuelan "strike,"
led by pro-Wall Street supporters, succeeded in drastically reducing
Venezuela's oil exports but ultimately failed to stir up the coup
against Chavez. The US reached a point where it could not start
the invasion of Iraq and risk a simultaneous loss of Venezuelan
oil. Chavez backed the US into a corner and bought some time.
Again, the key to understanding the importance of Venezuelan oil
is the fact that while it takes about six weeks for oil from the
Persian Gulf to reach your gas tank, Venezuelan oil gets there
in about four days.
In March of 2003 elected Haitian President
Jean Bertrand Aristide was driven out of his country by what he
and many others called a US-sponsored coup d'etat. Many press
accounts soon appeared supporting Aristide's allegation.
The reasons for the US overthrow of Aristide
are complex and simple at the same time. As global oil shortages
and production shortfalls became impossible to conceal in 2004,
and as oil prices neared $40 per barrel, Venezuela's importance
to US supply was multiplied. This was especially true as Iraqi
production lagged due to infrastructure damage and revolt and
as Saudi production numbers sank under recent OPEC statements
advocating production cuts.
Strategically, in preparation for continued
covert, and eventual overt, US military intervention in Venezuela,
Haiti represented a prime piece of geography. A look at a map
reveals that Haiti (which divides the island of Hispaniola with
the Dominican Republic) lies at a virtual midpoint between Florida's
southern tip and the coastlines of Venezuela and Colombia. From
a military standpoint it is a strategic staging area for future
moves onto the South American continent. While the US might logistically
be able to mount an invasion or major operations from the Dominican
Republic, it would never allow an independent regime allied with
Hugo Chavez to remain in power in what would effectively become
its rear area.
More than that, Haiti was an Afro-Caribbean
nation, successfully led by a charismatic Afro-Caribbean; it was
becoming allied with a regionally powerful Venezuela led by its
first president of partly African and Indian ancestry. Aristide
and Chavez were each democratically elected and were each beginning
to respond to the impoverished majorities who put them in power.
All this was an unbearable thorn in the side of United States,
the hegemon whose permanent public relations problem is its ideological
addiction: the same old white supremacy that's shaped the hemisphere
for 500 years.
Hugo Chavez wasted no time in declaring
to the world that he knew what the Empire's game was. Just after
the coup he announced, "Venezuela is not Haiti, and Chavez
is not Aristide." In the February 29 speech, even before
the dust had settled in Haiti, Chavez also labeled George W. Bush
"an asshole." Most importantly, in the same speech,
Chavez vowed to cut off Venezuelan oil supplies to the US if it
attempted military intervention or to impose trade sanctions.
Chavez was not bluffing, and his remarks
were not lost on the world's second largest oil importer, China,
On March 19, 2004, the Venezuelan news agency reported that top-level
Chinese diplomats were in Venezuela offering to buy all of Venezuela's
US production if the US made any move to further destabilize the
The Far East
Indonesia makes the list of the 18 largest
oil reserves. It is situated on the most heavily traveled shipping
lanes in the world, the South China Sea, and it also has the largest
Muslim population of any country. That is why almost immediately
after 9/11 the US deployed large numbers of military personnel
to the neighboring Philippines. In spite of quick victories against
indigenous Philippine Muslim rebels, suggesting that the Empire
might withdraw, it has instead begun building permanent military
It is via the South China Sea, which runs
past the Philippines, that both Japan and China receive most of
their oil. Whoever controls these shipping lanes will be in a
position to determine who survives and who doesn't, who lives
and who dies.
Indonesia also possesses one of the world's
largest natural gas deposits, of critical interest to Japan and
Australia - staunch US allies in the invasions of Iraq.
China - The endgame
China and the United States are conjoined
twins, and it is not certain that the two can be surgically separated
without killing one or both. The reason is that the Empire's economy,
its finances, and its future are inextricably tied to the Chinese
markets of 1.3 billion eager consumers.
From The Wilderness September 2002
Sizing Up the Competition - Is China The
by Dale Allen Pfeiffer, FTW Contributing
Editor for Energy,
September 25, 2002, 16:00 PDT (FTW) -
In the last 50 years of the United States' quest for hegemony,
it has viewed its chief antagonists either ideologically (the
Soviet Union and Red China), or economically (Germany and Japan).
These antagonists were either overcome or co-opted. In the last
decade of the 20th century, the US occupied the unparalleled position
of being the world's only superpower. Now, as we enter the 21st
century, this unopposed superpower at the peak of its military
supremacy - may have an Achilles heel. It is running out of energy
and so is the planet as a whole.
... In the coming years, continued US
hegemony will depend upon maintaining control and access to the
world's dwindling hydrocarbon reserves, most of which are contained
in the Middle East. In achieving this goal, the US will have to
find some way to deal with those countries which are expected
to take the lead in rising energy demand. Those countries just
happen to be the world's most populous countries, and all three
are Asian. Ranked by population and projected energy demand, they
are China, India, and Indonesia.
... Currently, China is the world's third-largest
oil consumer, behind the United States and Japan. It is expected
to surpass Japan within the decade and by 2020 reach a consumption
level of 10.5 million bbl/d. China only recently became a net
importer of oil, as consumption exceeded production for the first
time in 1993. By 2020, China is expected to import 8 million bbl/d,
more than the projected net imports of Japan, Korea, New Zealand,
and Australia combined
China has many other unexplored oil prospects,
but the country seems to be pinning its domestic production hopes
on the far western Tarim Basin. This is actually three separate
basins in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. This region, a
desert the size of Poland, borders Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and
Tajikistan to the west. Estimates of its potential reserves still
vary from a few billion barrels to 80 Gb. Many obstacles impede
exploration and development: deep pay zones, high drilling costs,
complex geology, high subsurface pressures and temperatures, a
harsh climate (temperatures can hit 117 degrees Fahrenheit in
summer and -86 degrees in winter), and lack of infrastructure.
Xinjiang also suffers from antigovernment violence blamed on its
biggest minority group, the Uighurs.
To get the oil out of the distant Tarim
Basin and bring it to markets in the east and southwest, China
has committed itself to a 2,604-mile pipeline system. However,
with construction costs estimated at $5.2 billion and Tarim's
output growing more slowly than expected, Chinese officials are
struggling to figure out how to make the pipeline pay for itself.
The Chinese National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) has pushed on
with smaller investments to build pieces of the network, hoping
that these smaller investments will render the entire project
unstoppable. The pipeline is so costly that gas will have to be
priced at 35 percent above what buyers say they are willing to
pay. It is expected that this pipeline will link up with the even
larger "Silk Road" pipeline proposed to bring oil and
natural gas from Kazakhstan. To finance the Xinjiang pipeline,
China has formed a partnership with the Royal Dutch/Shell Group,
Exxon-Mobil, and Russia's Gazprom.
The Energy Silk Road
In partnership with Exxon and Mitsubishi,
CNPC has submitted a preliminary feasibility study for the world's
longest gas pipeline. Dubbed the Energy Silk Road, this pipeline
would start in Turkmenistan, and stretch across Uzbekistan and
Kazakhstan to Xinjiang's Tarim Basin, a distance of some 4,161
miles. In Xinjiang, it would link up with the Tarim pipeline to
continue the journey eastward across China. The estimated cost
of $10 billion has stifled investor interest in the project. Similarly,
a proposed oil pipeline from Kazakhstan eastward across China
has spurred little investor interest due to the high price and
the difficult terrain which the pipeline would have to traverse.
... It is plain that growing energy demands
will bring China, India, and Indonesia into conflict with the
developed world. The United States in particular, as the top world
consumer of oil, will likely either have to curb consumption to
make room for other countries or will have to find some way to
curb the demands of the emerging energy consumers. Moreover, competition
for diminishing oil resources could threaten the US dollar hegemony
over world oil transactions.
As competitors for diminishing oil exports,
Indonesia and India might not present major problems. Being so
energy-poor, India may have no choice but to take what they can
get. In August Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharaf broke
from his nation's recent political course of exchanging nuclear
threats with neighboring India. Musharaf said he did not object
to India accessing a proposed Central Asian natural gas pipeline
originating in Turkmenistan and running through Pakistan. If the
proposal is materialized, Pakistan could get a $400 to $500 million
annual royalty, according to the Pakistan's DAMN English language
newspaper. It is likely that the US will have no serious problems
in managing India's energy demands.
As for Indonesia, they are currently in
the hands of the IMF and the World Bank. If these institutions
stay true to their usual scam, Indonesia should soon be completely
impoverished. However, Indonesia does control important shipping
routes and valuable energy reserves. Therefore, it is likely that
Indonesia will see continuing US intervention for the foreseeable
future. US approved political leaders and foreign control of energy
resources will keep Indonesia under control for at least a little
As a starving world struggles for the
remaining energy scraps, it is foreseeable that India and Indonesia
may be left to starve, with much of the Third World. Or it is
possible that a nuclear exchange and/or bloody war could be spurred
on between India and Pakistan strictly for the purpose of population
reduction. Such designs are despicable, but not out of the range
of possibility for starving nations.
China, on the other hand, will be our
China is unlikely to become involved in
an open war with the US. The annual Chinese military budget was
$32 billion in 1997, or roughly an eighth of the $260 billion
US military budget for the same year. The US has military bases
throughout Asia, including the Philippines and Japan, and now
in Central Asia. In the event of a war, the US could easily cut
off Chinese energy imports through the Strait of Malacca and from
Central Asia. A direct war between China and the US would be a
disaster for both countries, and possibly for the entire world.
Though China will avoid open warfare with
the US, they might become sucked into a war in the Middle East.
Should the US become involved in a protracted war in the Middle
East, it is likely that the opponents would be supplied by China.
In a US military conquest of the Middle East, China would have
to respond by aligning itself with the Muslim resistance. They
would likely do anything short of sending Chinese troops to the
Middle East to fight against the US.
This being said, China will have to deal
with the US Empire, and it will need to force the US into recognizing
China as an equal power. This will most likely be achieved through
economic means, and possibly through a series of minor wars in
third-party countries. Economically, China is in a very strong
position with regard to the US. The Chinese control the US trade
deficit, while the US has very little economic control over China.
Should the Chinese step up the production and export of consumer
goods, the US would have no choice but to swell its trade deficit
even farther. And should China supply more goods than the US can
consume, the economy will suffer. Likewise, should China move
away from the US dollar as the international currency of trade,
the results for the United States would be disastrous. Ethnic
Chinese control 50 percent of the private capital in the Philippines,
70 percent in Indonesia, 80 percent in Thailand and Malaysia.
The countries of the Pacific produce 60 percent of the world GDP.
In recent sessions of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit
there has been a lot of discussion about a Pacific alternative
to the US dollar. The golden Yuan has been the leading contender.
The 2003 GM profit story raises the biggest
question perfectly. What happens when America's economic survival
depends upon sales of vehicles and other products to China that
need to run on hydrocarbons which, if China obtains enough, will
mean that there won't be enough hydrocarbons left over for America
to sustain its own people or even make the products to begin with?
There is no painless answer.
The issue of population reduction is becoming
clearly visible as the reality of Peak Oil starts to set in. And
who among us cannot picture the war criminal Henry Kissinger -
protégé of David Rockefeller - sitting back in his
chair and muttering with his German accent, "The problem
is not that there is too little oil. The problem is just that
there are too many people"?
The why and the how - of 9/11
It is my belief that sometime during the
period between late 1998 and early 2000, as certain elites became
aware of the pending calamity of Peak Oil, they looked at the
first highly confidential exploration and drilling results from
the Caspian Basin and shuddered. The economy had already been
milked close to collapse, and the Caspian results could not be
kept secret forever. The data would surely come out, and what
would happen to the markets then? What if some of the major oil
companies had been inflating Caspian numbers and hyping-up hopes
of a bonanza in order to pump their stock value? What if all the
inflated reserve estimates revealed themselves to be bogus all
... It is likely that some of those early
Caspian drilling reports came from companies like ExxonMobil,
where Condoleezza Rice sat on the board. She was an expert on
Kazakhstan. The elites began to grasp that the hoped-for Caspian
reserves would not even offer a short reprieve from the onslaught
of Peak Oil. Through declassified CIA reports we know that the
CIA was aware that US oil production had peaked in 1970 and that
the Agency was tracking Soviet oil production in the hopes of
predicting a Russian peak in 1977.2 The CIA is Wall Street. Even
if the oil had been there, it could not be monetized, because
there was no safe route or pipeline to get it out. Alarms started
... the Bush administration convened the
National Energy Policy Development Group - under Dick Cheney -
immediately after taking office in January. What do we do now?
That was the bottom line. I believe that this was where the basic
motive for 9/11 was fully articulated, understood, and accepted.
Even though preparations for the attacks had been underway for
years, the moment of truth about whether to execute them did not
arrive until Cheney's group had a hard look at the numbers. This
would explain why the administration fought all the way to the
US Supreme Court to hide those records, and why Dick Cheney felt
it necessary to take Justice Antonin Scalia duck hunting in a
desperate effort to keep the records secret.
Scalia and the other "Supremes"
delivered for him, On July 2, 2004, in a little noticed 7-2 ruling,
the Supreme Court upheld the right of the administration to keep
the NEPDG's records secret from the American people. I was not
at all surprised. Nothing surprised me after the Supreme Court's
ruling in the 2000 election.
After the NEPDG concluded its work in
late April 2001, I think an irrevocable decision had been made
to cross the Rubicon, that bloody line between an ailing republic
and the empire that irreversibly supervened. In May 2001 President
Bush placed Dick Cheney in charge of all planning for a terror
attack, effectively giving him complete control over FEMA, the
military, everything. In June 2001 the NORAD scramble protocols
that had worked efficiently since 1976 were rewritten to take
most decision-making power out of the hands of Air Force field
commanders. Although minor exceptions in those protocols still
allowed commanders to act on their own in certain cases, as General
Arnold did, the change itself provided deniability for elements
of the confusion that Dick Cheney was going to deliberately engineer
From their perspective, the Republican
neo-cons were faced with a choice of massive panic and collapse
on the financial markets; a loss of public faith in the political
system; and the loss of most of their own power and wealth if
the truth were known. To borrow a metaphor from Professor Peter
Dale Scott, both the neo-libs and the neocons were players at
a very lucrative crap game. Though they often played viciously
against each other, their prime objective was to keep the game
going at all costs. Whenever the game was threatened - as is the
case with 9/11 - they quickly closed ranks to protect it while
the turf over which they continued to fight among themselves grew
smaller and smaller and the contests more heated and bloody.
Within their own mindset and within the
parameters of an economic and governmental system that functioned
(as it continues to function) in the mode of organized crime -
incapable of transparency, riddled with corruption and cooked
books, based upon the destruction of life for the sake of net
profits and supremacy - these men, led by Dick Cheney, chose what
they thought was their only logical option. I believe it seemed
to them the "right" thing to do; after all, it was only
a few thousand lives. Other rulers have made similar choices in
the past. But as all empires learn, once the river is crossed
there is no turning back. In front of that decision there lay
a continuum of ever more vicious bloodletting, decline, and collapse.
... The imminent energy crisis was going
to be both apocalyptic and unavoidable, / and it was going to
arrive sooner than expected. Like any "well-planned"
government operation, the planning and initial preparations for
what became 9/11 had begun in the Clinton administration as a
contingency plan. That's when the 19 so-called hijackers (and/or
their handlers) began establishing their legends. But the Caspian
news would account for the absolutely unfathomable number of mistakes
that were made in both the plan's execution and the subsequent
cover-up. It was a rush job. Quickly, any number of classified
or once-classified contingency plans for a staged attack on the
US - like Operation Northwoods - came down off the shelf. As Brzezinski's
Grand Chessboard shows, the need for such an event had already
been acknowledged in 1997 - conveniently, just as al Qaeda and
the Taliban were emerging as world and regional players. Operation
Northwoods, declassified in the late 1990s, had been planned in
Since the end of the cold war there had
been plenty of time to put a new potential enemy in place, and
September 11th was not a new idea.
As Zbigniew Brzezinski had written in
1997, the "immediate" task was to develop and simultaneously
control a "direct external threat" to manufacture an
attack "like a new Pearl Harbor." That required a credible
(at least in the public mind) and well-developed enemy. The need
for the same kind of attack was mentioned by the Project for a
New American Century (PNAC) in its September 2000 report Rebuilding
America's Defenses. Such an attack would then provide a pretext
for massive sequential military intervention to secure the energy
supplies of the Middle East and the lesser (but terribly important)
oil-bearing regions including West Africa, Venezuela, Colombia,
certain portions of the Southwest Pacific, and any other region
with smaller but more readily accessible reserves. The essential
thing would be that terrorists or their "allies" must
conveniently turn up in each needed area, on schedule.
No problem! That's what the CIA, Mossad,
M16, and every other major intelligence agency does for a living.
... parts of the Clinton administration
(immune from most political concerns) had been protecting, grooming,
and nurturing the Taliban and al Qaeda to make sure that a needed
enemy would be in place for several years. It is my belief that
plans for the attacks of September 11th were being accelerated
during at least the last year of the Clinton administration, with
the frill knowledge of President Clinton and his top advisors
including "Sandy" Berger, Madeline Aibright, and Bill
Richardson, Clinton's Secretary of Energy. I also suspect NATO
Commander Wesley Clark, whose liaison with the Kosovo Liberation
Army included relations with al Qaeda that provided it with training
and battlefield experience. The actual planning involved extremely
powerful but relatively "non-aligned" government figures
whose pedigrees included membership in the Council on Foreign
Relations, the Trilateral Commission, and/or the Bilderberg Group:
the protectors of the game.
Almost every major analysis of the 9/11
attacks suggests that they must have been planned for between
three and four years.
... I believe that bin Laden was, and
remains, a CIA! US government/Wall Street asset. This would explain
why he has never been caught. There are still wars to fight. He
can't be caught for a variety of other reasons, including his
family's enormous and diverse financial connections to the same
elites that control the United States financial system, and his
close interrelationship with a Saudi ruling class that could pull
the plug on the US economy even before Peak Oil does. Osama bin
Laden also knows way too much, and without him, the Bush administration
would have had no excuse for any of what it has done over the
last four years. From a strategic point of view, Osama is Dick
Cheney's best friend.
... A handful of individuals at the highest
levels of the major media had to know before 9/11, so that their
myriad employees would have a sturdy, prefabricated Lee Harvey
Oswald-type story to follow (if left to their own devices, they
might do something unfortunate, like investigative reporting).
But letting anyone outside L he boardroom know would have been
impossible to manage.
... No intelligence agency had deeper
or better penetration in the Middle East and r -No Asia than Israel's
Mossad. It probably became a full partner early on. But the "hijackers"
who had received US military training were special cases.
I believe that the so-called hijackers
who had received this training were probably part of an ultra-secret
US military and intelligence joint operation "Opposition
Force," or OPFOR, which routinely played bad guys in hijack
exercises around the world and inside the US. I believe that it
is possible - even likely - that this hijack OPFOR was a joint
US-Israeli operation ...
The military has been practicing shoot-downs
of remotely piloted aircraft since the 1950s. I consider it likely
that on September 11th all four aircraft were remotely piloted
or taken over by a system that can be activated without the flight
crew's ability to intervene. I believe that the apparatus to remotely
pilot the two planes that struck in New York was housed and operated
from within the New York City Office of Emergency Management (or
very close by), where we know that a Secret Service agent was
already in place and communicating with Dick Cheney. The Secret
Service agent's presence is easily explained by the so-called
preparations for the Tripod II exercise.
Since 7 WTC was not struck by anything
and it collapsed so perfectly, as if in a controlled demolition,
I believe that this was necessary and had been planned in advance
with the express intent of destroying the electronic equipment
needed to make the precise maneuvers necessary to get the airliners
to hit the buildings ...
I have absolutely no doubt that on the day of September 11th Richard
Cheney was in full and complete control of a properly functioning
and parallel command and communications system to fulfill what
that Delmart "Mike" Vreeland had warned of in August
of 2001. "Let one happen. Stop the rest." I am certain
also that he had complete access to every part of America's defense,
law enforcement, and intelligence establishments that he wanted.
Ladies and gentlemen of the jury, Richard Cheney is the maestro.
Richard Cheney spoke to whom he needed to speak to while the nation's
Human beings have explored outward to the limits of this planet
in search of resources and understanding and experience. We have
peered deep into boundless space by sending probes billions of
miles away, even beyond the outer planets of the solar system.
We also explore backwards in time, extrapolating the sublime mysteries
of Big Bang cosmology and theoretical physics. We spend hundreds
of millions of dollars and lifetimes of intellectual passion on
archaeological digs to find the earliest ancestors of our bodies
and of our human mind.
But that mind is readily seduced toward
astonishing feats of domination and cruelty. The combination of
bureaucracy, technology, and rationalized quantitative measurement
that built the great industrial civilization of the past 200 years,
also created the Nazi death camps. There, efficiency and centralized
control were as developed and refined as their uses were depraved
and vile. The same cold, administrative approach to life that
built the vast economies of the modern world is also preparing
a terrible solution to the collapse of those economies. In the
Empire's vision, love and art and religion and community are invisible;
they count for nothing.