If Not Military Force and War,
Friends Committee on National Legislation Newsletter,
The Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL) opposes
the use of U.S. military force in response to the September 11th
attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Instead of
military force we recommend that the U.S. government take the
1. Mobilize and lead law enforcement agencies around the world
to investigate, apprehend, and bring to justice those responsible,
to the full extent of U.S. and international law, as was done
in response to earlier attacks against Pan Am flight 103, U.S.
embassies in Africa, and the World Trade Center. To advance international
cooperation to reduce terrorism, the U.S. Senate should immediately
ratify and implement the International Convention for the Suppression
of Terrorist Bombing.
2. Preserve civil liberties, maintain full public accountability
of U.S. governing institutions, and protect vulnerable minorities
in the U.S. from hate crimes and harassment, particularly against
Arab-Americans, Muslims, and others.
3. Lead the United Nations in cooperative action to interrupt
and seize the financial resources that support these criminal
terror networks. To support this effort, the U.S. Senate should
promptly ratify and implement the International Convention on
the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism.
4. Lead the United Nations in bringing diplomatic, political,
and economic pressure to bear against the governing regimes of
nations that give support or shelter to terror networks. International
sanctions, if applied, should be focused narrowly on those in
5. Respond with compassion and generous aid to the suffering
of the innocent peoples in Iraq, the Sudan, Afghanistan, Pakistan,
and other countries, even if their governments are found to support
6. Resume and intensify U.S. efforts to secure a just and
lasting peace in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, a major source
of deep anti-U.S. sentiment throughout the Arab world.
7. Lead the international community in cooperative efforts
to reduce stockpiles of chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons
and materials in the U.S., Russia, and elsewhere and to guard
against unauthorized use. Support increased funding for the "Nunn-Lugar"
threat reduction initiative.
8. Support an international ban on the sale and transfer of
weapons to zones of conflict. Weapons sales and transfers increase
acts of violence, suffering, and the collapse of civil society
institutions. The U.S. is the world's largest exporter of weapons.
It should not export weapons to regimes that are undemocratic
and violate human rights.
9. Dramatically increase U.S. humanitarian aid to the millions
of refugees in zones of conflict. War orphans, refugee children,
and youth are especially vulnerable to recruitment by terrorist
organizations. This is of special concern today in Afghanistan
and Central Asia;
10. Assist individuals and families in the U.S. who have lost
wage earners or jobs as a result of the attack and its economic
11th, 2001 - New York City